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Fossil fuel subsidies, income inequality, and poverty: Evidence from developing countries

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  • Cécile Couharde

    (EconomiX - UPN - Université Paris Nanterre - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Sara Mouhoud

Abstract

The past two decades have witnessed widespread attempts to reform fossil fuel subsidies in developing countries. If the reforms are likely to improve economic efficiency, the expected effects on income distribution and poverty are more controversial. This paper reviews the recent literature that examines the impacts of fossil fuel subsidies and their reforms on income inequality and poverty in developing countries. It identifies the different channels that have been explored in the literature and surveys the empirical evidence on the importance of these channels in practice. Drawing on diverse country experiences, it also discusses why fossil fuel subsidies are particularly challenging to reform and highlights several ways in which efforts to reform may be feasible and successful.

Suggested Citation

  • Cécile Couharde & Sara Mouhoud, 2020. "Fossil fuel subsidies, income inequality, and poverty: Evidence from developing countries," Post-Print hal-02873904, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-02873904
    DOI: 10.1111/joes.12384
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02873904
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • H71 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

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