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More Mortgages, Lower Growth?

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  • Dirk Bezemer
  • Maria Grydaki
  • Lu Zhang

Abstract

type="main" xml:id="ecin12254-abs-0001"> In newly collected data on 46 economies over 1990–2011, we show that financial development since 1990 was mostly due to growth in credit to real estate and other asset markets, which has a negative growth coefficient. We also distinguish between growth effects of stocks and flows of credit. We find positive growth effects for credit flows to nonfinancial business but not for mortgage and other asset market credit flows. By accounting for the composition of credit stocks and for the effect of credit flows, we explain the insignificant or negative growth effects of financial development in recent times. What was true in the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s when the field of empirical credit-growth studies blossomed, is no longer true in the 1990s and 2000s. New bank lending is not primarily to nonfinancial business and financial development may no longer be good for growth. These trends predate the 2008 crisis. They prompt a rethink of the role of banks in the process of economic growth. (JEL E44, O16, O40, C33)

Suggested Citation

  • Dirk Bezemer & Maria Grydaki & Lu Zhang, 2016. "More Mortgages, Lower Growth?," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 54(1), pages 652-674, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:ecinqu:v:54:y:2016:i:1:p:652-674
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/ecin.2016.54.issue-1
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Dirk Bezemer & Anna Samarina & Lu Zhang, 2017. "The shift in bank credit allocation: new data and new findings," DNB Working Papers 559, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    2. Stockhammer, Engelbert & Wildauer, Rafael, 2017. "Expenditure Cascades, Low Interest Rates or Property Booms? Determinants of Household Debt in OECD Countries," Economics Discussion Papers 2017-3, School of Economics, Kingston University London.
    3. Lu Zhang & Dirk Bezemer, 2016. "Finance and growth in China, 1995–2013: more liquidity or more development?," Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, Cambridge Political Economy Society, vol. 9(3), pages 613-631.
    4. Kyriakos C. Neanidis, 2015. "Volatile Capital Flows and Economic Growth: The Role of Macro-prudential Regulation," Centre for Growth and Business Cycle Research Discussion Paper Series 215, Economics, The Univeristy of Manchester.
    5. Samarina, Anna & Bezemer, Dirk, 2016. "Do capital flows change domestic credit allocation?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 98-121.
    6. Zhang, Lu & Uluc, Arzu & Bezemer, Dirk, 2017. "Did pre-crisis mortgage lending limit post-crisis corporate lending? Evidence from UK bank balance sheets," Bank of England working papers 651, Bank of England.
    7. Bezemer, Dirk & Samarina, Anna, 2016. "Debt Shift, Financial Development and Income Inequality in Europe," Research Report 16020-GEM, University of Groningen, Research Institute SOM (Systems, Organisations and Management).
    8. repec:eee:jimfin:v:77:y:2017:i:c:p:77-98 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Florian Léon, 2016. "Enterprise credit, household credit and growth: New evidence from 126 countries," CREA Discussion Paper Series 16-17, Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg.
    10. Ryan-Collins, Josh & Werner, Richard A. & Castle, Jennifer, 2016. "A half-century diversion of monetary policy? An empirical horse-race to identify the UK variable most likely to deliver the desired nominal GDP growth rate," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 158-176.
    11. Zhang, Lu & Bezemer, Dirk, 2015. "A global house of debt effect? Mortgages and post-crisis recessions in fifty economies," Research Report 15009-GEM, University of Groningen, Research Institute SOM (Systems, Organisations and Management).

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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