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The Credit Crunch and Fall in Employment during the Great Recession

Author

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  • Haltenhof, Samuel

    () (University of Michigan)

  • Lee, Seung Jung

    () (Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.))

  • Stebunovs, Viktors

    () (Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.))

Abstract

We study the existence and economic significance of bank lending channels that affect employment in U.S. manufacturing industries. In particular, we address the question of how a dramatic worsening of firm and consumer access to bank credit, such as the one observed over the Great Recession, translates into job losses in these industries. To identify these channels, we rely on differences in the degree of external finance dependence and of asset tangibility across manufacturing industries and in the sensitivity of these industries' output to changes in the supply of consumer credit. We show that household access to bank loans matters more for employment than firm access to local bank loans. Our results suggest that, over the recent financial crisis, tightening access to commercial and industrial loans and consumer installment loans explains jointly about a quarter of the drop in employment in the manufacturing sector. In addition, a decrease in the availability of home equity loans explains an extra one-tenth of the drop.

Suggested Citation

  • Haltenhof, Samuel & Lee, Seung Jung & Stebunovs, Viktors, 2013. "The Credit Crunch and Fall in Employment during the Great Recession," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2014-6, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedgfe:2014-06
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Emin M. Dinlersoz & Henry R. Hyatt & Hubert P. Janicki, 2015. "Who Works for Whom? Worker Sorting in a Model of Entrepreneurship with Heterogeneous Labor Markets," Working Papers 15-08r, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    2. repec:bis:bisbps:95 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:cen:wpaper:15-08 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Giacomo Domini & Daniele Moschella, 2018. "Reallocation and productivity during the Great Recession:evidence from French manufacturing firms," LEM Papers Series 2018/11, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
    5. Branch, William A. & Petrosky-Nadeau, Nicolas & Rocheteau, Guillaume, 2016. "Financial frictions, the housing market, and unemployment," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 164(C), pages 101-135.
    6. Dirk Bezemer & Maria Grydaki & Lu Zhang, 2016. "More Mortgages, Lower Growth?," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 54(1), pages 652-674, January.
    7. Lee, Seung Jung & Stebunovs, Viktors, 2016. "Bank capital pressures, loan substitutability, and nonfinancial employment," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 44-69.
    8. Philippe BACCHETTA & Ouarda MERROUCHE, 2015. "Countercyclical Foreign Currency Borrowing: Eurozone Firms in 2007-2009," Swiss Finance Institute Research Paper Series 15-63, Swiss Finance Institute.
    9. Beck, Thorsten & Colciago, Andrea & Pfajfar, Damjan, 2014. "The role of financial intermediaries in monetary policy transmission," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 1-11.
    10. Marco Guerrazzi, 2015. "Animal spirits, investment and unemployment: An old Keynesian view of the Great Recession," Economia, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pós-Graduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics], vol. 16(3), pages 343-358.
    11. Fabio Berton & Sauro Mocetti & Andrea F. Presbitero & Matteo Richiardi, 2017. "Banks, Firms, and Jobs," Mo.Fi.R. Working Papers 136, Money and Finance Research group (Mo.Fi.R.) - Univ. Politecnica Marche - Dept. Economic and Social Sciences.
    12. Ralf R. Meisenzahl, 2016. "Can Financing Constraints Explain the Evolution of the Firm Size Distribution?," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer;The Industrial Organization Society, vol. 48(2), pages 123-147, March.
    13. Bassett, William F. & Lee, Seung Jung & Spiller, Thomas Popeck, 2015. "Estimating changes in supervisory standards and their economic effects," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 21-43.
    14. repec:oup:rcorpf:v:4:y:2015:i:2:p:155-205. is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank credit channels; bank lending standards; home equity extraction; credit crunch; employment; job losses; Great Recession;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G30 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - General
    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance

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