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The effect of foreign bank presence on firm entry and exit in transition economies

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  • Havrylchyk, Olena

Abstract

This study investigates the impact of foreign bank penetration on firm entry in Central and Eastern Europe. Acquisition of domestic banks by foreign investors has lowered rates of firm creation, decreased the average size of entrants, and increased firm exit in industries with greater informational opacity, while entry of greenfield foreign banks appears to have spurred firm creation and exit. We modify the view in earlier studies that informational opacity equates with firm size, defining opacity in terms of technological characteristics for a given industry. We find the economic significance of foreign bank entry is larger for opaque industries than industries with large shares of small firms. The study provides evidence of increased credit constraints for start-ups in Central and Eastern Europe which is consistent with the theoretical proposition that the presence of foreign banks exacerbates informational asymmetries.

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  • Havrylchyk, Olena, 2012. "The effect of foreign bank presence on firm entry and exit in transition economies," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(6), pages 1710-1721.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:36:y:2012:i:6:p:1710-1721
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2012.01.015
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    Cited by:

    1. Nuri BALTACI & Gizem AKBULUT & Gürsan CÝVELEK, 2014. "The Relationship between Foreign Banking and Credit Access: Panel Analysis Method," Journal of Economics and Political Economy, KSP Journals, vol. 1(1), pages 39-48, September.
    2. Victor Gorshkov, 2012. "Foreign activity of Russian banks:reconsidering multinational banking theory," KIER Working Papers 830, Kyoto University, Institute of Economic Research.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Entrepreneurship; Foreign bank entry; Asymmetric information; Credit constraints;

    JEL classification:

    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups

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