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Governance, Demokratie und wirtschaftliche Entwicklung in den ehemals sozialistischen Staaten


  • Apolte, Thomas
  • Peters, Heiko


Nach dem Zusammenbruch der sozialistischen Systeme vollzogen die betroffenen Ländern Mittel- und Osteuropas in unterschiedlichem Tempo und sequencing den Weg zu Demokratie und einer marktwirtschaftlichen Wirtschaftsordnung. Die polit-ökonomischen Probleme bei der Durchsetzung der umfassenden ökonomischen Reformen gaben Anlass zu einer bis heute anhaltenden Debatte über die Frage, ob die Einführung von Demokratie angesichts umfassender ökonomischer Reformen nicht besser verzögert werden sollte. Nach einer theoretischen Betrachtung von Governance, Demokratie und Reformen folgt in diesem Beitrag ein Überblick über empirische Studien zum Zusammenhang zwischen Demokratie und Niveau (oder Wachstum) des BIP pro Kopf. Anschließend untersuchen wir mit verschiedenen empirischen Modellen den Zusammenhang zwischen Demokratisierung einerseits und Wirtschaftswachstum oder Niveau des BIP pro Kopf andererseits für 30 Transformationsländer für den Zeitraum von 1992 bis 2007.

Suggested Citation

  • Apolte, Thomas & Peters, Heiko, 2009. "Governance, Demokratie und wirtschaftliche Entwicklung in den ehemals sozialistischen Staaten," IÖB-Diskussionspapiere 1/09, University of Münster, Institute for Economic Education.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:ioebdp:109

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    More about this item


    Demokratie; Liberalisierung; Wirtschaftswachstum; Transformationsländer; Democracy; Liberalization; Economic Growth; Transition Countries;

    JEL classification:

    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • P26 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Political Economy
    • P27 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Performance and Prospects


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