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Democracy, Market Liberalization and Political Preferences

Author

Listed:
  • Pauline Grosjean

    (Department of Mathematics [Berkeley] - University of California [Berkeley] - University of California)

  • Claudia Senik

    (PSE - Paris School of Economics - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement, PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, UP4 - Université Paris-Sorbonne)

Abstract

This paper questions the conventional wisdom concerning the sequencing of political and economic reforms in developing countries. We exploit the specific situation of frontier-zones as well as the considerable regional variations in culture and economic development in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. We estimate the impact of market development and democratization on subjective political preferences. Taking advantage of a new survey conducted in 2006 by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the World Bank in 28 post-transition countries, we find a positive and significant effect of democracy on support for a market economy, but no effect of market liberalization on support for democracy. Our results are robust to the use of various indices of market liberalization and democracy and alternative measures of political preferences.

Suggested Citation

  • Pauline Grosjean & Claudia Senik, 2011. "Democracy, Market Liberalization and Political Preferences," PSE-Ecole d'économie de Paris (Postprint) halshs-00596078, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:pseptp:halshs-00596078
    DOI: 10.1162/REST_a_00062
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00596078
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