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Training, Human Capital, and Gender Gaps in Entrepreneurial Performance

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  • Brixiová, Zuzana
  • Kangoye, Thierry

Abstract

In the aftermath of the global financial crisis, policymakers have been increasingly striving to support female entrepreneurship as a possible growth driver. This paper contributes to reconciling mixed findings in the literature on the effectiveness of entrepreneurial training with an analysis that links training and human capital, including tertiary education and non-cognitive skills, with gender gaps in entrepreneurial performance in Africa. We have found that while financial literacy training directly benefits men, it does not raise the sales level of women entrepreneurs. Instead, tertiary education has a direct positive link with the performance of women. Consistent with our theoretical model where different skills are complements, tertiary education can act as a channel that makes training effective. Regarding non-cognitive skills, evidence shows that women entrepreneurs who are tenacious achieve stronger sales performance. Our results underscore the importance of incorporating tertiary education and entrepreneurial training programs focused on a balanced set of skills, including non-cognitive skills, among policies for women entrepreneurs.

Suggested Citation

  • Brixiová, Zuzana & Kangoye, Thierry, 2019. "Training, Human Capital, and Gender Gaps in Entrepreneurial Performance," GLO Discussion Paper Series 424, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:glodps:424
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Female entrepreneurship; training; non-cognitive skills; tertiary education;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • L53 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Enterprise Policy
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • J4 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets

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