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The influence of human capital factors and context on women's entrepreneurship: Which matters more?

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  • Brush, Candida
  • Ali, Abdul
  • Kelley, Donna
  • Greene, Patricia

Abstract

This paper explores whether human capital factors (education and perceived capabilities) or contextual factors (economic and political settings) explain differential start-up rates between men and women entrepreneurs, connecting data from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) with the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap. Results show that the effects of economic participation and entrepreneurship specific human capital (perceived capabilities) both play a role influencing the start-up rates of women entrepreneurs.

Suggested Citation

  • Brush, Candida & Ali, Abdul & Kelley, Donna & Greene, Patricia, 2017. "The influence of human capital factors and context on women's entrepreneurship: Which matters more?," Journal of Business Venturing Insights, Elsevier, vol. 8(C), pages 105-113.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jobuve:v:8:y:2017:i:c:p:105-113
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbvi.2017.08.001
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Dutta, Nabamita & Sobel, Russell S., 2018. "Entrepreneurship and human capital: The role of financial development," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 319-332.
    2. Brixiová, Zuzana & Kangoye, Thierry & Said, Mona, 2020. "Training, human capital, and gender gaps in entrepreneurial performance," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 85(C), pages 367-380.
    3. Nguyen, Thi Hong Hanh & Ntim, Collins G. & Malagila, John K., 2020. "Women on corporate boards and corporate financial and non-financial performance: A systematic literature review and future research agenda," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 71(C).
    4. Zuzana Brixiová & Thierry Kangoye, 2019. "Networks, start-up capital and women's entrepreneurial performance in Africa: Evidence from Eswatini," SALDRU Working Papers 257, Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit, University of Cape Town.
    5. Katherina Kuschel, 2019. "Women Founders in the Technology Industry: The Startup-Relatedness of the Decision to Become a Mother," Administrative Sciences, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(2), pages 1-1, April.
    6. Ana Iolanda Vodă & Gina Ionela Butnaru & Rodica Cristina Butnaru, 2020. "Enablers of Entrepreneurial Activity across the European Union—An Analysis Using GEM Individual Data," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(3), pages 1-1, January.
    7. Candida Brush & Linda F. Edelman & Tatiana Manolova & Friederike Welter, 2019. "A gendered look at entrepreneurship ecosystems," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 53(2), pages 393-408, August.

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