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Entorno e Iniciativa Emprendedora: una Perspectiva Institucional

Listed author(s):
  • Claudia Alvarez

    ()

  • David Urbano

    ()

    (Business and Economics Department - Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)

El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la influencia que tienen las instituciones en la actividad emprendedora, utilizando como marco teórico de referencia la Teoría Económica Institucional. A partir de un modelo de datos de panel y con información del Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM), se demuestra estadísticamente el impacto que algunas instituciones tienen en la creación de empresas. Los resultados más relevantes indican que la formación en gestión, el control de la corrupción y los modelos de referencia incrementan las tasas de actividad emprendedora. Así mismo, la estabilidad política, el PIB-PPP y el desempleo tienen una relación negativa con la creación de empresas. A partir de los resultados de este trabajo puede inferirse que los factores informales tienen un mayor impacto en la actividad emprendedora que los factores formales. Las evidencias encont radas podrían ser muy útiles para el diseño de políticas gubernamentales relativas al fomento de la actividad emprendedora.

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File Function: Revised version, 2008
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Paper provided by Departament Empresa, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona in its series Working Papers with number 0807.

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Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2008
Date of revision: Dec 2008
Publication status: Published in Working Papers at the Department of Business, December pages 1-36
Handle: RePEc:bbe:wpaper:0807
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://158.109.224.4/webeco/plaes/RePEc/bbe/

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