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Business formation -- a network approach

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  • Johannisson, Bengt

Abstract

This article suggests that the key to entrepreneurial success is to be found in the ability to develop and maintain a personal network. In elaborating this proposition I regard the environment of the business venture as "enacted". The inexperienced new entrepreneur needs support to create a personal network and to manage the enacted environment. The concept of the "organizing context", defined as a clustered sociocentric network, is introduced to provide a tool with which the entrepreneur can deal more efficiently with the different subprocesses that create his or her reality. The approach supplies a framework within which various forms of entrepreneurship -- indigenous, corporate, etc. -- can be compared and analysed beyond their institutional differences. The interaction between various forms of entrepreneurship and organizing contexts is empirically illustrated from case studies.

Suggested Citation

  • Johannisson, Bengt, 1988. "Business formation -- a network approach," Scandinavian Journal of Management, Elsevier, vol. 4(3-4), pages 83-99.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:scaman:v:4:y:1988:i:3-4:p:83-99
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Kodithuwakku, Sarath S. & Rosa, Peter, 2002. "The entrepreneurial process and economic success in a constrained environment," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 17(5), pages 431-465, September.
    2. Fortunato Michael W-P & Alter Theodore R, 2011. "The Individual-Institutional-Opportunity Nexus: An Integrated Framework for Analyzing Entrepreneurship Development," Entrepreneurship Research Journal, De Gruyter, vol. 1(1), pages 1-36, January.
    3. Erica Field & Seema Jayachandran & Rohini Pande & Natalia Rigol, 2016. "Friendship at Work: Can Peer Effects Catalyze Female Entrepreneurship?," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, vol. 8(2), pages 125-153, May.
    4. Francesco Saverio Massari & Maria Teresa Riggio & Donato Calace, 2015. "Legal and Managerial Implications of the Italian ‘Contratto Di Rete’," Management, University of Primorska, Faculty of Management Koper, vol. 10(2), pages 131-148.
    5. Hien Thu Tran & Enrico Santarelli, 2014. "Capital constraints and the performance of entrepreneurial firms in Vietnam," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 23(3), pages 827-864.
    6. repec:kap:jbuset:v:146:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s10551-017-3652-x is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Gérard Dokou, 2006. "L’innovation en PME le role de l’accompagnement managerial et industriel innovation and SMES the role of managerial and industrial accompaniment," Working Papers 126, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.
    8. Enrico Santarelli & Hien Tran, 2013. "The interplay of human and social capital in shaping entrepreneurial performance: the case of Vietnam," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 40(2), pages 435-458, February.
    9. Susan Ramezanpour & Seyran Amiriyan & Ali Naghi Mosleh Shirazy, 2014. "Investigation of the Relationship between Entrepreneurial Opportunity Recognition and Entrepreneurial Capitals," International Journal of Asian Social Science, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 4(5), pages 598-613, May.
    10. Demirgil, Hakan & Karaoz, Murat & Baptista, Rui & Sungur, Onur, 2011. "Networking Activities and Growth of Newly Founded Firms under Incubation," MPRA Paper 46575, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Fortunato Michael W-P & McLaughlin Diane K., 2012. "Interaction and Purpose in Highly Entrepreneurial Communities," Entrepreneurship Research Journal, De Gruyter, vol. 2(1), pages 1-36, January.
    12. Spilling, Olav R., 1996. "The entrepreneurial system: On entrepreneurship in the context of a mega-event," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 91-103, May.
    13. Claudia Alvarez & David Urbano, 2008. "Entorno e Iniciativa Emprendedora: una Perspectiva Institucional," Working Papers 0807, Departament Empresa, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, revised Dec 2008.
    14. Newbert, Scott L. & Tornikoski, Erno T. & Quigley, Narda R., 2013. "Exploring the evolution of supporter networks in the creation of new organizations," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 28(2), pages 281-298.
    15. repec:pid:journl:v:55:y:2016:i:4:p:331-348 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. repec:kap:jtecht:v:43:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s10961-017-9581-0 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Tornikoski, Erno T. & Newbert, Scott L., 2007. "Exploring the determinants of organizational emergence: A legitimacy perspective," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 311-335, March.
    18. Andersen, Poul Houman, 2006. "Listening to the global grapevine: SME export managers' personal contacts as a vehicle for export information generation," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 81-96, February.
    19. repec:dau:papers:123456789/8470 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. repec:spr:grdene:v:18:y:2009:i:5:d:10.1007_s10726-008-9134-x is not listed on IDEAS
    21. Dudek, Michał, 0. "Przedsiębiorczość W Agrobiznesie – Perspektywa Strukturalna," Village and Agriculture (WieÅ› i Rolnictwo), Polish Academy of Sciences (IRWiR PAN), Institute of Rural and Agricultural Development, issue 2.
    22. Bollingtoft, Anne & Ulhoi, John P., 2005. "The networked business incubator--leveraging entrepreneurial agency?," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 265-290, March.
    23. Sinnathurai VIJAYAKUMAR, 2013. "Growth and Issues of Small and Medium Enterprises in Post conflict Jaffna Sri Lanka," Economia. Seria Management, Faculty of Management, Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 16(1), pages 38-53, June.
    24. Mastura JAAFAR & Abdul-Rashid ABDUL-AZIZ & Muhammad-Hijas SAHARI, 2009. "The Use Of Social Network Theory On Entrepreneur’S Linkages Development," Theoretical and Empirical Researches in Urban Management, Research Centre in Public Administration and Public Services, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 4(1S), pages 101-119, April.
    25. Claudia Álvarez & David Urbano & José Amorós, 2014. "GEM research: achievements and challenges," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 42(3), pages 445-465, March.

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