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Transmission of Liquidity Shock to Bank Credit: Evidence from the Deposit Insurance Reform in Japan

Author

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  • Masami Imai

    (Department of Economics, Wesleyan University)

  • Seitaro Takarabe

Abstract

Finding the causal effects of liquidity shocks on credit supply is complicated by the endogenous relation between loan demand and liquidity position of banks. This paper attempts to overcome this problem by exploiting, as a natural experiment, the exogenous deposit outflow prompted by the removal of a blanket deposit guarantee on time deposits in Japan. We find that just as the government placed a cap on insurance for time deposits in 2002, weak banks suffered from a large outflow of partially insured time deposits. More importantly, we find that those weak banks were not able to raise a sufficient amount of fully insured ordinary deposits to make up for the loss of time deposits, which, consequently, forced them to cut back on loan supply. These results are consistent with the theory that the imperfect substitutability of insured deposits and uninsured deposits affects the tightness of banks’ financing constraints and ultimately the supply of bank loans.

Suggested Citation

  • Masami Imai & Seitaro Takarabe, 2009. "Transmission of Liquidity Shock to Bank Credit: Evidence from the Deposit Insurance Reform in Japan," Wesleyan Economics Working Papers 2009-001, Wesleyan University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:wes:weswpa:2009-001
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    1. Deryugina, Elena B. & Ponomarenko, Alexey A., 2011. "Identifying structural shocks behind loan supply fluctuations in Russia," BOFIT Discussion Papers 20/2011, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    2. Rafael Felipe Schiozer & Raquel de Freitas Oliveira, 2014. "Asymmetric Transmission of a Bank Liquidity Shock," Working Papers Series 368, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
    3. Imai, Masami, 2012. "Local economic effects of a government-owned depository institution: Evidence from a natural experiment in Japan," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 1-22.
    4. Schiozer, Rafael F. & Oliveira, Raquel de Freitas, 2016. "Asymmetric transmission of a bank liquidity shock," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 234-246.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Deposit Insurance; Bank Lending Channel; Japan; Natural Experiment;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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