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Is bank debt special for the transmission of monetary policy? Evidence from the stock market

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  • Ippolito, Filippo

    () (Universitat Pompeu Fabra)

  • Ozdagli, Ali K.

    () (Federal Reserve Bank of Boston)

  • Perez, Ander

    () (Universitat Pompeu Fabra)

Abstract

We combine existing balance sheet and stock market data with two new datasets to study whether, how much, and why bank lending to firms matters for the transmission of monetary policy. The first new dataset enables us to quantify the bank dependence of firms precisely, as the ratio of bank debt to total assets. We show that a two standard deviation increase in the bank dependence of a firm makes its stock price about 25 percent more responsive to monetary policy shocks. We explore the channels through which this effect occurs, and find that the stock prices of bank-dependent firms that borrow from financially weaker banks display a stronger sensitivity to monetary policy shocks. This finding is consistent with the bank lending channel, a theory that posits that the strength of bank balance sheets matters for monetary policy transmission. We construct a new database of hedging activities and show that the stock prices of bank-dependent firms that hedge against interest rate risk display a lower sensitivity to monetary policy shocks. This finding is consistent with an interest rate pass-through channel that operates via the direct transmission of policy rates to lending rates associated with the widespread use of floating rates in bank loans and credit line agreements.

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  • Ippolito, Filippo & Ozdagli, Ali K. & Perez, Ander, 2013. "Is bank debt special for the transmission of monetary policy? Evidence from the stock market," Working Papers 13-17, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedbwp:13-17
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Michael Weber & Ali Ozdagli, 2016. "Monetary Policy Through Production Networks: Evidence from the Stock Market," 2016 Meeting Papers 148, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    2. Ofer Setty & David Weiss & Zvi Eckstein, 2014. "Financial Risk and Unemployment," 2014 Meeting Papers 517, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    3. Andreas Neuhierl & Michael Weber, 2017. "Monetary Momentum," CESifo Working Paper Series 6648, CESifo Group Munich.
    4. Andreas Neuhierl & Michael Weber, 2016. "Monetary Policy and the Stock Market: Time-Series Evidence," CESifo Working Paper Series 6199, CESifo Group Munich.
    5. Shengxing Zhang & Ricardo Lagos, 2016. "Turnover Liquidity and the Transmission of Monetary Policy," 2016 Meeting Papers 1569, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    6. Ken Kuttner & James Yetman, 2016. "A comparison of liquidity management tools in seven Asian economies," BIS Papers chapters,in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Expanding the boundaries of monetary policy in Asia and the Pacific, volume 88, pages 33-58 Bank for International Settlements.
    7. Acharya, Viral & Almeida, Heitor & Ippolito, Filippo & Perez, Ander, 2014. "Bank lines of credit as contingent liquidity: A study of covenant violations and their implications," Working Paper Series 1702, European Central Bank.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    bank lending channel; monetary policy transmission; firm financial constraints; bank financial health;

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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