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Propagation of Financial Shocks: The Case of Venture Capital

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  • Richard R. Townsend

    (Tuck School of Business, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755)

Abstract

This paper investigates how venture-backed companies are affected when others sharing the same investor suffer a negative shock. In theory, companies may be helped or hurt in this scenario. To examine the topic empirically, I estimate the impact of the collapse of the technology bubble on non-information-technology (non-IT) companies that were held alongside IInternet companies in venture portfolios. Using a difference-in-differences framework, I find that the end of the bubble was associated with a significantly larger decline in the probability of raising continuation financing for these non-IT companies in comparison to others. This does not appear to be driven by unobservable company characteristics such as company quality or IT relatedness; for the same portfolio company receiving capital from multiple venture firms, investors with greater Internet exposure were significantly less likely to continue to participate in follow-on rounds. This paper was accepted by Itay Goldstein, operations management.

Suggested Citation

  • Richard R. Townsend, 2015. "Propagation of Financial Shocks: The Case of Venture Capital," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 61(11), pages 2782-2802, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:inm:ormnsc:v:61:y:2015:i:11:p:2782-2802
    DOI: 10.1287/mnsc.2014.2110
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    2. Josh Lerner, 2020. "Government Incentives for Entrepreneurship," NBER Chapters, in: Innovation and Public Policy, pages 213-235, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Cristiano Bellavitis & Christian Fisch & Rod B. McNaughton, 2022. "COVID-19 and the global venture capital landscape," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 59(3), pages 781-805, October.
    4. Sabrina Howell & Josh Lerner & Ramana Nanda & Richard Townsend, 2020. "Financial Distancing: How Venture Capital Follows the Economy Down and Curtails Innovation," Harvard Business School Working Papers 20-115, Harvard Business School.
    5. Hochberg, Yael V. & Serrano, Carlos J. & Ziedonis, Rosemarie H., 2018. "Patent collateral, investor commitment, and the market for venture lending," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 130(1), pages 74-94.
    6. X. Zhang & L. D. Valdez & H. E. Stanley & L. A. Braunstein, 2019. "Modeling Risk Contagion in the Venture Capital Market: A Multilayer Network Approach," Complexity, Hindawi, vol. 2019, pages 1-11, December.
    7. William H. Janeway & Ramana Nanda & Matthew Rhodes-Kropf, 2021. "Venture Capital Booms and Start-Up Financing," Annual Review of Financial Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 13(1), pages 111-127, November.
    8. Sabrina T. Howell & Josh Lerner & Ramana Nanda & Richard R. Townsend, 2020. "How Resilient is Venture-Backed Innovation? Evidence from Four Decades of U.S. Patenting," NBER Working Papers 27150, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Ting Yao & Hugh O'Neill, 2022. "Venture capital exit pressure and venture exit: A board perspective," Strategic Management Journal, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 43(13), pages 2829-2848, December.
    10. Ring, Marius, 2019. "Entrepreneurial Wealth and Employment: Tracing Out the Effects of a Stock Market Crash," MPRA Paper 107020, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 06 Apr 2021.
    11. Indraneel Chakraborty & Michael Ewens, 2018. "Managing Performance Signals Through Delay: Evidence from Venture Capital," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 64(6), pages 2875-2900, June.
    12. Conti, Annamaria & Dass, Nishant & Di Lorenzo, Francesco & Graham, Stuart J.H., 2019. "Venture capital investment strategies under financing constraints: Evidence from the 2008 financial crisis," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 48(3), pages 799-812.
    13. Wang, Luxia & Chong, Terence Tai Leung & He, Yiyao & Liu, Yuchen, 2018. "The Underpricing of Venture Capital Backed IPOs in China," MPRA Paper 92079, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Shai Bernstein & Richard R. Townsend & Ting Xu, 2020. "Flight to Safety: How Economic Downturns Affect Talent Flows to Startups," NBER Working Papers 27907, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    15. Roche, Maria P. & Conti, Annamaria & Rothaermel, Frank T., 2020. "Different founders, different venture outcomes: A comparative analysis of academic and non-academic startups," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 49(10).
    16. Jean-Noël Barrot, 2017. "Investor Horizon and the Life Cycle of Innovative Firms: Evidence from Venture Capital," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 63(9), pages 3021-3043, September.

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