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Does it matter who you sign with ? comparing the impacts of north-south and south-south trade agreements on bilateral trade

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  • Behar, Alberto
  • Criville, Laia Cirera i

Abstract

Free trade agreements lead to a rise in bilateral trade regardless of whether the signatories are developed or developing countries. Furthermore, the percentage increase in bilateral trade is higher for South-South agreements than for North-South agreements. In this paper, the results are robust across a number of gravity model specifications in which the analysis controls for the endogeneity of free trade agreements (with bilateral fixed effects) and also takes account of multilateral resistance in both estimation (with country-time fixed effects) and comparative statics (analytically). The analytical model shows that multilateral resistance dampens the impact of free trade agreements on trade by less in South-South agreements than in North-South agreements, which accentuates the difference implied by the gravity model coefficients, and that this difference gets larger as the number of signatories rises. For example, allowing for lags and multilateral resistance, a four-country North-South agreement raises bilateral trade by 53 percent while the analogous South-South impact is 107 percent.

Suggested Citation

  • Behar, Alberto & Criville, Laia Cirera i, 2011. "Does it matter who you sign with ? comparing the impacts of north-south and south-south trade agreements on bilateral trade," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5626, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:5626
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    Cited by:

    1. Alberto Behar & Benjamin D. Nelson, 2014. "Trade Flows, Multilateral Resistance, and Firm Heterogeneity," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 96(3), pages 538-549, July.
    2. Salvador Gil-Pareja & Rafael Llorca-Vivero & José Antonio Martínez-Serrano, 2018. "Reciprocal vs nonreciprocal trade agreements: which have been best to promote exports?," Working Papers 1802, Department of Applied Economics II, Universidad de Valencia.
    3. Erik der Marel & Sébastien Miroudot, 2014. "The economics and political economy of going beyond the GATS," The Review of International Organizations, Springer, vol. 9(2), pages 205-239, June.
    4. Hideo Konishi & Minoru Nakada & Akihisa Shibata, 2018. "Free Trade Agreements with Environmental Standards," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 972, Boston College Department of Economics.
    5. Laurent Didier, 2018. "Do environmental provisions in regional trade agreements affect trade in services?," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 38(2), pages 733-750.
    6. Stender, Frederik & Berger, Axel & Brandi, Clara & Schwab, Jakob, 2020. "The trade effects of the economic partnership agreements between the European Union and the African, Caribbean and Pacific group of states: Early empirical insights from panel data," Discussion Papers 7/2020, German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE).
    7. Omar S. Dahi & Firat Demir, 2017. "South–South And North–South Economic Exchanges: Does It Matter Who Is Exchanging What And With Whom?," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 31(5), pages 1449-1486, December.
    8. Silviano Esteve-Pérez & Salvador Gil-Pareja & Rafael Llorca-Vivero, 2020. "Does the GATT/WTO promote trade? After all, Rose was right," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 156(2), pages 377-405, May.
    9. Antonio Martuscelli & Michael Gasiorek, 2019. "Regional Integration And Poverty: A Review Of The Transmission Channels And The Evidence," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(2), pages 431-457, April.

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    Keywords

    Free Trade; Trade Law; Trade Policy; Economic Theory&Research; Emerging Markets;
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