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Rules of origin in north-south preferential trading arrangements with an application to NAFTA

  • Jose Anson
  • Olivier Cadot
  • Antoni Estevadeordal
  • Jaime de Melo
  • Akiko Suwa-Eisenmann
  • Bolorma Tumurchudur


Les accords commerciaux préférentiels, à la différence des unions douanières, utilisent les règles d'origine (RO) afin de prévenir l'entrée de biens par le pays de la zone dont le droit de douane est le plus faible. Les règles d'origine augmentent les coûts de production et créent des coûts de gestion. L'article montre que dans la récente vague de régionalisme Nord-Sud, les RO limitent l'accès au marché conféré au partenaire du Sud. Dans le cas de NAFTA, 45% de l'accès préférentiel du Mexique aux Etats-Unis en 2000 (correspondant à une préférence tarifaire moyenne de 4%) a été absorbé par des coûts d'administration liés aux RO. Les coûts des RO hors administration pour les firmes mexicaines s'élèvent à 3% de la valeur des importations américaines. Ces résultats corroborent une lecture des accords préférentiels Nord-Sud comme un problème de principal-agent, où les pays du Sud sont justes sur leur contrainte de participation.

(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

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Paper provided by Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquee, INRA in its series Research Unit Working Papers with number 0406.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:lea:leawpi:0406
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  1. Rod Falvey & Geoff Reed,, . "Economic Effects of Rules of Origin," Discussion Papers 97/21, University of Nottingham, CREDIT.
  2. Paul Brenton & Miriam Manchin, 2002. "Making EU Trade Agreements Work: The Role of Rules of Origin," International Trade 0203003, EconWPA.
  3. James E. Anderson & Eric van Wincoop, 2000. "Gravity with Gravitas: A Solution to the Border Puzzle," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 485, Boston College Department of Economics.
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