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Free Trade Agreements with Environmental Standards

Author

Listed:
  • Hideo Konishi

    (Boston College)

  • Minoru Nakada

    (Nogaya University)

  • Akihisa Shibata

    (Kyoto University)

Abstract

In this paper, we investigate the effects of a free trade agreement (FTA) with environmental standards between Northern and Southern countries, with explicit considerations for transferring clean technology and enforcing reduced emissions. Southern producers benefit greatly by having access to a Northern market without barriers, while they are reluctant to use new high-cost, clean technology provided by the North. Thus, environmentally conscious Northern countries should design an FTA where Southern countries provide sufficient benefits for the membership while imposing tighter enforcement requirements. Since including too many Southern countries dilutes the benefits of being a member of the FTA, it is in the best interest of the North to limit the number of Southern memberships while requiring strict enforcement of emissions reduction. This may result in unequal treatment among the Southern countries. We provide a quantitative evaluation of FTA policies by using a numerical example.

Suggested Citation

  • Hideo Konishi & Minoru Nakada & Akihisa Shibata, 2018. "Free Trade Agreements with Environmental Standards," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 972, Boston College Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:boc:bocoec:972
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    free trade agreement; technology standard; North-South model; environmental standard;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F18 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Environment
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming
    • Q55 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Technological Innovation
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth

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