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Exports and International Logistics

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  • Alberto Behar
  • Philip Manners
  • Benjamin D. Nelson

Abstract

Do better international logistics reduce trade costs, raising a developing country's exports? Yes, but the magnitude of the effect depends on the country's size. The authors apply a gravity model that accounts for firm heterogeneity and multilateral resistance to a comprehensive new international logistics index. A one-standard deviation improvement in logistics is equivalent to a 14 percent reduction in distance. An average-sized developing country would raise exports by about 36 percent. Most countries are much smaller than average however, so the typical effect is 8 percent. This difference is chiefly due to multilateral resistance: it is bilateral trade costs relative to multilateral trade costs that matter for bilateral exports, and multilateral resistance is more important for small countries.
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Suggested Citation

  • Alberto Behar & Philip Manners & Benjamin D. Nelson, 2013. "Exports and International Logistics," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 75(6), pages 855-886, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:obuest:v:75:y:2013:i:6:p:855-886
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/j.1468-0084.2012.00715.x
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    Cited by:

    1. Alberto Behar & Benjamin D. Nelson, 2014. "Trade Flows, Multilateral Resistance, and Firm Heterogeneity," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 96(3), pages 538-549, July.
    2. de Sá Porto,Paulo C. & Canuto,Otaviano & Morini,Cristiano, 2015. "The impacts of trade facilitation measures on international trade flows," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7367, The World Bank.
    3. Daniel Saslavsky & Ben Shepherd, 2014. "Facilitating international production networks: The role of trade logistics," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(7), pages 979-999, October.
    4. Alberto Behar & Laia Cirera-i-Crivillé, 2013. "Does it Matter Who You Sign With? Comparing the Impacts of North–South and South–South Trade Agreements on Bilateral Trade," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(4), pages 765-782, September.
    5. Mendoza Alcantara,Alejandra & Fernandes,Ana Margarida & Hillberry,Russell Henry & Mendoza Alcantara,Alejandra & Fernandes,Ana Margarida & Hillberry,Russell Henry, 2015. "Understanding the operations of freight forwarders : evidence from Serbia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7311, The World Bank.
    6. Murat Genç & David Law, 2014. "A Gravity Model of Barriers to Trade in New Zealand," Treasury Working Paper Series 14/05, New Zealand Treasury.

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