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Reciprocal vs nonreciprocal trade agreements: which have been best to promote exports?

Author

Listed:
  • Salvador Gil-Pareja

    (Department of Economic Structure, University of Valencia, Avda. dels Tarongers s/n, 46022 Valencia (Spain).)

  • Rafael Llorca-Vivero

    (Department of Economic Structure, University of Valencia, Avda. dels Tarongers s/n, 46022 Valencia (Spain).)

  • José Antonio Martínez-Serrano

    (Department of Economic Structure, University of Valencia, Avda. dels Tarongers s/n, 46022 Valencia (Spain).)

Abstract

The Doha Development Agenda recognizes the central role that international trade can play in the promotion of economic development. In fact, the increase of exports from developing countries to developed nations' markets has been considered a key element for developing countries to realize the potential benefits of globalization. Over the last decades developed countries have provided preferential access to their markets to developing countries through nonreciprocal trade agreements. Moreover, developing countries have also participated in reciprocal trade agreements. This paper investigates comparatively, for the first time, the effect of both kinds of trade agreements on exports from developing countries but also from the developed world. We find that both agreements, but especially the reciprocal agreements, have boosted exports from beneficiary countries to developed countries. Our results give support to the argument raised by critics of nonreciprocal preference regimes who consider that developing countries should abandon their reliance on one-way trade preferences in favor of reciprocal agreements.

Suggested Citation

  • Salvador Gil-Pareja & Rafael Llorca-Vivero & José Antonio Martínez-Serrano, 2018. "Reciprocal vs nonreciprocal trade agreements: which have been best to promote exports?," Working Papers 1802, Department of Applied Economics II, Universidad de Valencia.
  • Handle: RePEc:eec:wpaper:1802
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Preferential trade agreements; Nonreciprocal preferential trade agreements; GATT/WTO; developing countries; exports; gravity equation.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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