El comercio exterior de España y el proceso de Integración Europea /The Foreign trade of Spain and the European Integration Process
En este artículo se investiga el efecto de la Unión Europea sobre el comercio y la influencia del proceso de integración europea sobre el flujo de exportaciones e importaciones de España con el resto de socios europeos mediante la estimación de ecuaciones de gravedad con datos del periodo 1960-2012. El análisis realizado sugiere que el efecto sobre el comercio de la Unión Europea ha sido mayor que el de otros acuerdos de integración regional considerados conjuntamente. Además, encontramos que si bien el impacto de la adhesión a la Unión Europea sobre el comercio de España ha sido muy importante no ocurrió lo mismo en el caso del Acuerdo Comercial Preferencial de 1970 ni más recientemente con la adopción del euro. In this article we investigate the effect of the European Union on trade and the influence of the European integration process on the flow of Spanish exports and imports with other European partners by estimating gravity equations with data for the period 1960-2012. The analysis suggests that the effect on trade of the European Union has been greater than that of other regional integration agreements taken together. Moreover, although the impact of accession to the European Union on trade for Spain has been very important, it is not the case for the 1970?s preferential trade agreement and more recently for the euro adoption.
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Volume (Year): 35 (2017)
Issue (Month): (Enero)
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