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Decomposition of changes in the consumption of macronutrients in Vietnam between 2004 and 2014

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  • Simioni, Michel
  • Thomas-Agnan, Christine
  • Trinh, Thi-Huong

Abstract

Vietnam is undergoing a nutritional transition like many middle-income countries. This paper proposes to highlight the socio-demographic drivers of this transition over the period 2004-2014. We implement a method of decomposition of between-year differences in economic outcomes recently proposed in the literature. This method allows decomposing the composition effect on the distribution of the outcome under study, which is due to the differences in covariates across years, into direct contributions of each covariate and effects of their interactions. This method is applied to VHLSS data. The results show the importance of between-year changes in the distributions of covariates on between-year changes in the distributions of total calorie intake and calorie intakes from proteins and fat. This effect is more contrasted in case of calorie intake from carbohydrates. Food expenditure and household size appear to be the main drivers of the observed evolutions in macronutrients consumption. On the contrary, the urbanization of the population has a negative effect on these evolutions, except on fat consumption. The effect of urbanization is, nevertheless, less important than the positive effects of the previous two variables.

Suggested Citation

  • Simioni, Michel & Thomas-Agnan, Christine & Trinh, Thi-Huong, 2018. "Decomposition of changes in the consumption of macronutrients in Vietnam between 2004 and 2014," TSE Working Papers 18-910, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
  • Handle: RePEc:tse:wpaper:32605
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Macronutrient consumption; Nutritional transition; Decomposition method; Copulas; Vietnam;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C02 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General - - - Mathematical Economics
    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • P46 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - Consumer Economics; Health; Education and Training; Welfare, Income, Wealth, and Poverty

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