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Job Search Behavior among the Employed and Non-Employed

Author

Listed:
  • Giorgio Topa

    (Federal Reserve Bank of New York)

  • Aysegul Sahin

    (Federal Reserve Bank of New York)

  • Andreas Mueller

    (Columbia University)

  • Jason Faberman

    (Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago)

Abstract

Using a unique new survey, we study the relationship between search effort and search outcomes for employed and non-employed job seekers. Our data have extensive information on individuals’ current and previous employment situations, search behavior, job offers, accepted offers, and reservation wages. We find that the unemployed fare much worse than the employed in their job search prospects along several dimensions, despite higher job search effort. The unemployed receive fewer offers per job application, and conditional on an offer, they are offered lower pay, fewer benefits, and fewer hours. Despite this, they are more likely to accept these lower-quality offers but are also much more likely to again engage in job search on their new job. In contrast, employed job seekers receive a higher fraction of both solicited and unsolicited job offers. In fact, the employed that are not searching tend to generate more plentiful and higher-quality job offers than the unemployed. We apply our results to a model of on-the-job search with search frictions and endogenous search effort. A simple application of the estimates to the model suggest that the employed are substantially more efficient in their job search relative to the unemployed.

Suggested Citation

  • Giorgio Topa & Aysegul Sahin & Andreas Mueller & Jason Faberman, 2016. "Job Search Behavior among the Employed and Non-Employed," 2016 Meeting Papers 1469, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  • Handle: RePEc:red:sed016:1469
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Marcelo Arbex & Dennis O'Dea & David Wiczer, 2019. "Network Search: Climbing The Job Ladder Faster," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 60(2), pages 693-720, May.
    2. repec:wly:iecrev:v:57:y:2016:i::p:1371-1404 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Carlos Carrillo-Tudela & Bart Hobijn & Powen She & Ludo Visschers, 2014. "The Extent and Cyclicality of Career Changes: Evidence for the UK (first version)," ESE Discussion Papers 246, Edinburgh School of Economics, University of Edinburgh.
    4. Sanjay K. Chugh & Christian Merkl, 2016. "Efficiency And Labor Market Dynamics In A Model Of Labor Selection," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 57, pages 1371-1404, November.
    5. Carrillo-Tudela, Carlos & Hobijn, Bart & She, Powen & Visschers, Ludo, 2016. "The extent and cyclicality of career changes: Evidence for the U.K," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 18-41.
    6. John Ameriks & Joseph S. Briggs & Andrew Caplin & Minjoon Lee & Matthew D. Shapiro & Christopher Tonetti, 2017. "Older Americans Would Work Longer If Jobs Were Flexible," NBER Working Papers 24008, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. John J. Conlon & Laura Pilossoph & Matthew Wiswall & Basit Zafar, 2018. "Labor Market Search With Imperfect Information and Learning," NBER Working Papers 24988, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. R. Jason Faberman & Marianna Kudlyak, 2019. "The Intensity of Job Search and Search Duration," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 11(3), pages 327-357, July.
    9. Haomin Wang, 2019. "Intra-Household Risk Sharing and Job Search over the Business Cycle," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 34, pages 165-182, October.
    10. Azar, José & Marinescu, Ioana E. & Steinbaum, Marshall & Taska, Bledi, 2018. "Concentration in US Labor Markets: Evidence from Online Vacancy Data," IZA Discussion Papers 11379, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    11. repec:eee:eecrev:v:113:y:2019:i:c:p:108-135 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • J29 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Other
    • J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General

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