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Education and Unemployment of Women

  • Jacob Mincer
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    The more education, the less unemployment of women; this relationship is as strong as it is in the male labor force. The channel through which this relation arises is also the same, namely, labor turnover, almost half of which involves unemployment. However, the relation between education and turnover is mediated largely by educational differences in on-the-job training among men, while educational differences in labor force attachment are the main source of turnover differences among women. This is because levels of educational differences in on-the-job (in-house) training are small among women, while nonparticipation in the labor market and educational differences in it are quite small among men. Educational differences in the duration of unemployment are negligible among women, though they are observable, if small, among men. Recent growth in women's work attachment has reduced their inter-labor force turnover and their unemployment rate to the point of eliminating the sex differential. On-the-job training of women appears to have increased, though it still remains skimpy.

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    File URL: http://www.nber.org/papers/w3837.pdf
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    Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 3837.

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    Date of creation: Sep 1991
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    Publication status: published as Studies in Labor Supply, Elger publishing 1993
    Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:3837
    Note: LS
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    1. Meitzen, Mark E, 1986. "Differences in Male and Female Job-quitting Behavior," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 4(2), pages 151-67, April.
    2. Mincer, Jacob, 1978. "Family Migration Decisions," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(5), pages 749-73, October.
    3. Beth Niemi, 1974. "The female-male differential in unemployment rates," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 27(3), pages 331-350, April.
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