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China and the World Bank - How Contrasting Development Approaches affect the Stability of African States


  • Kai Gehring

    (University of Zurich, CESifo)

  • Lennart Kaplan

    (German Development Institute)

  • Melvin H.L. Wong

    (Leibniz University Hannover)


China’s development model challenges the approaches of traditional Western donors like the World Bank. We argue that both aim at stability, but differ in the norms propagated to achieve that. Using fixed effects and IV estimations, we analyze a broad range of subnational stability measures in Africa. Aid by both the WB and China does not increase outright conflict nor any type of citizen protest, on average. Both even reduce outright conflict by governments against civilians. Still, Chinese aid is associated with more government repression and an increased acceptance of authoritarian norms, while the World Bank projects strengthen democratic values.

Suggested Citation

  • Kai Gehring & Lennart Kaplan & Melvin H.L. Wong, 2019. "China and the World Bank - How Contrasting Development Approaches affect the Stability of African States," Empirical Studies of Conflict Project (ESOC) Working Papers 15, Empirical Studies of Conflict Project.
  • Handle: RePEc:pri:esocpu:15

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    Cited by:

    1. Fuchs, Andreas & Kaplan, Lennart & Kis-Katos, Krisztina & Schmidt, Sebastian S. & Turbanisch, Felix & Wang, Feicheng, 2020. "Mask wars: China's exports of medical goods in times of COVID-19," Kiel Working Papers 2161, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    2. Cruzatti C., John & Dreher, Axel & Matzat, Johannes, 2020. "Chinese Aid and Health at the Country and Local Level," CEPR Discussion Papers 14862, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Reiner Klingholz & Felix Braunsdorf & Christian Müller & Panu Poutvaara & Thieß Petersen & Claas Schneiderheinze & Rainer Thiele & Kai Gehring, 2019. "Wachsende Migrationsströme: Wie können die europäischen Länder die Fluchtursachen erfolgreich bekämpfen?," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 72(23), pages 03-26, December.
    4. Bluhm, Richard & Dreher, Axel & Fuchs, Andreas & Parks, Brad & Strange, Austin & Tierney, Michael J., 2020. "Connective Financing - Chinese Infrastructure Projects and the Diffusion of Economic Activity in Developing Countries," CEPR Discussion Papers 14818, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

    More about this item


    Development Models; Development Aid; Stability; Conflict; Repression; World Bank; China; Africa; Geolocation;

    JEL classification:

    • D74 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances; Revolutions
    • F52 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - National Security; Economic Nationalism
    • H81 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - Governmental Loans; Loan Guarantees; Credits; Grants; Bailouts
    • O19 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
    • P51 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Analysis of Economic Systems

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