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Remittances And The Dutch Disease In Sub-Saharan Africa: A Dynamic Panel Approach

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  • Emmanuel Owusu-Sekyere

    (Department of Economics, University of Pretoria)

  • Renee van Eyden

    (Department of Economics, University of Pretoria)

  • Francis Kemegue

    (Department of Economics, University of Pretoria)

Abstract

This paper investigates the effect of remittance inflows on the real exchange rate in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) using annual data from 1980 to 2008 for 34 SSA countries, generalised method of moments by Arellano and Bover (1995) and feasible generalised least squares by Parks (1967) and Kmenta (1971, 1986). We find that when cross-sectional dependence and individual effects are controlled for, remittances to SSA as a whole appreciate the underlying real exchange rate of recipient countries. However the Dutch-disease effect is not experienced via the loss of export competitiveness, because the exchange rate appreciation is mitigated by monetary policy positioning and overdependence on imports due to low levels of domestic production in these countries. We also find reverse causality between remittances and the real exchange rate.

Suggested Citation

  • Emmanuel Owusu-Sekyere & Renee van Eyden & Francis Kemegue, 2011. "Remittances And The Dutch Disease In Sub-Saharan Africa: A Dynamic Panel Approach," Working Papers 201129, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:pre:wpaper:201129
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    Cited by:

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    2. Zamira SINAJ, 2017. "The Analysis of the Labor Market in Albania," European Journal of Economics and Business Studies Articles, Revistia Research and Publishing, vol. 3, January -.
    3. Eromenko, Igor, 2016. "Do Remittances Cause Dutch Disease in Resource Poor Countries of Central Asia?," MPRA Paper 74965, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Zhang, Wei-Wei & Sadiq, Ramla & Khan, Tahseen Mohsan & Khan, Muhammad Mohsan, 2021. "Policy implications of remittances, trade liberalization and Dutch disease – A comparative analysis based on income categorization," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 72(C).
    5. Hien, Nguyen Phuc & Hong Vinh, Cao Thi & Phuong Mai, Vu Thi & Kim Xuyen, Le Thi, 2020. "Remittances, real exchange rate and the Dutch disease in Asian developing countries," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 131-143.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Dutch disease; remittances; real exchange rate; Sub-Saharan Africa;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • F24 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Remittances
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa

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