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Border Effects in European Public Procurement

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  • Herz, Benedikt
  • Varela-Irimia, Xosé-Luís

Abstract

This paper documents border effects in public procurement in the European Union Single Market. We use a data set of 2.3 million European public procurement contracts awarded between 2010 and 2014 to estimate a gravity model of bilateral procurement flows between European NUTS3 region pairs. Controlling for numerous variables, we find border effects on both the intra- and international level. Cross-national border effects are especially sizeable: firms located in the home region of the tendering authority are about 1300 times more likely to be awarded a contract than foreign firms. Our results hold for goods, services, and construction works procurement and cannot be explained by common currency, same language, and variables capturing cultural distance.

Suggested Citation

  • Herz, Benedikt & Varela-Irimia, Xosé-Luís, 2016. "Border Effects in European Public Procurement," MPRA Paper 76401, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 24 Jan 2017.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:76401
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    Cited by:

    1. Marta Santamaría & Jaume Ventura & Uğur Yeşilbayraktar, 2020. "Borders within Europe," Economics Working Papers 1763, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised May 2021.
    2. Kutlina-Dimitrova, Zornitsa, 2018. "Government procurement: data, trends and protectionist tendencies," DG TRADE Chief Economist Notes 2018-3, Directorate General for Trade, European Commission.
    3. Alen Mulabdic & Lorenzo Rotunno, 2021. "Trade barriers in government procurement," Working Papers halshs-03191482, HAL.
    4. Bedri Kamil Onur Tas, 2020. "Effect of public procurement regulation on competition and cost-effectiveness," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 58(1), pages 59-77, August.
    5. Tamminen, Saara & Niemi, Janne & Nilsson Hakkala, Katariina, 2017. "The expected economic impacts of the EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement in Finland," Research Reports 187, VATT Institute for Economic Research.
    6. Santamaria, Marta & Ventura, Jaume & Yesilbayraktar, Ugur, 2021. "Borders within Europe," CAGE Online Working Paper Series 560, Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE).
    7. Marta Santamaría & Jaume Ventura & Ugur Yesilbayraktar, 2020. "Borders within Europe," Working Papers 1229, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
    8. Santamaría, Marta & Ventura, Jaume & Yesilbayraktar, Ugur, 2021. "Borders within Europe," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 1355, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    public procurement; public contract; border effect; home bias; cross-border; gravity model; European Union; Single Market;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • H57 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Procurement

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