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Borders, Geography, and Oligopoly: Evidence from the Wind Turbine Industry

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  • A. Kerem Cosar

    (University of Chicago)

  • Paul L. E. Grieco

    (Pennsylvania State University)

  • Felix Tintelnot

    (University of Chicago and Princeton University)

Abstract

Using a microlevel data set of wind turbine installations in Denmark and Germany, we estimate a structural oligopoly model with cross-border trade and heterogeneous firms. Our approach separately identifies border-related from distance-related variable costs and bounds the fixed cost of exporting for each firm. In the data, firms' market shares drop precipitously at the border. We find that 40 percent to 50 percent of the gap can be attributed to national border costs. Counterfactual analysis indicates that eliminating national border frictions would increase total welfare in the wind turbine industry by 4 percent in Denmark and 6 percent in Germany.

Suggested Citation

  • A. Kerem Cosar & Paul L. E. Grieco & Felix Tintelnot, 2015. "Borders, Geography, and Oligopoly: Evidence from the Wind Turbine Industry," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 97(3), pages 623-637, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:tpr:restat:v:97:y:2015:i:2:p:623-637
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    Cited by:

    1. David Comerford & José V Rodríguez Mora & Beata Javorcik, 2019. "The gains from economic integration," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 34(98), pages 201-266.
    2. Coşar, A. Kerem & Grieco, Paul L.E. & Li, Shengyu & Tintelnot, Felix, 2018. "What drives home market advantage?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 110(C), pages 135-150.
    3. Benedikt Herz & Xosé-Luís Varela-Irimia, 0. "Border effects in European public procurement," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 20(6), pages 1359-1405.
    4. Robert C. Feenstra & Philip Luck & Maurice Obstfeld & Katheryn N. Russ, 2018. "In Search of the Armington Elasticity," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 100(1), pages 135-150, March.
    5. Li, Jianglong & Lin, Boqiang, 2017. "Does energy and CO2 emissions performance of China benefit from regional integration?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 366-378.
    6. Lu, Ruichang & Luo, Yao & Xiao, Ruli, 2014. "An MPEC estimator for misclassification models," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 125(2), pages 195-199.
    7. John R. Birge & Ali Hortaçsu & J. Michael Pavlin, 2017. "Inverse Optimization for the Recovery of Market Structure from Market Outcomes: An Application to the MISO Electricity Market," Operations Research, INFORMS, vol. 65(4), pages 837-855, August.
    8. Roberto Rigobon & Brent Neiman & Alberto Cavallo, 2013. "Product Introductions, Currency Unions, and the Real Exchange Rate," 2013 Meeting Papers 1357, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    9. Alberto Cavallo & Brent Neiman & Roberto Rigobon, 2014. "Currency Unions, Product Introductions, and the Real Exchange Rate," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 129(2), pages 529-595.
    10. Chatterjee, S., 2019. "Market Power and Spatial Competition in Rural India," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1921, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    11. Coşar, A. Kerem & Grieco, Paul L.E. & Tintelnot, Felix, 2015. "Bias in estimating border- and distance-related trade costs: Insights from an oligopoly model," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 126(C), pages 147-149.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    wind turbines; oligopoly; structural oligopoly model; denmark; germany; border frictions;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q20 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - General
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets

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