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Industrial Specialisation and Public Procurement: Theory and Empirical Evidence


  • Brülhart, Marius
  • Trionfetti, Federico


This paper explores the impact of home-biased public procurement on the location of industries. It is shown theoretically and empirically that discriminatory procurement can offset other locational determinants. In the theoretical part, we demonstrate that a bias in public procurement towards domestically produced goods can counter agglomeration forces substantially. The empirical analysis draws on a cross-country, cross-industry data sample for the EU. In the full sample, the market-based determinants of industry location identified in the theory are significant in explaining EU industrial specialisation. However, these determinants lose statistical significance in the sub-sample of procurement-sensitive industries. In this sub-sample, proxies for the degree of liberalisation of public procurement relate positively to specialisation.

Suggested Citation

  • Brülhart, Marius & Trionfetti, Federico, 1998. "Industrial Specialisation and Public Procurement: Theory and Empirical Evidence," Economics Technical Papers 983, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:tcd:tcduet:983

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    Cited by:

    1. Marius BRÜLHART & Federico TRIONFETTI, 1999. "Home-Biased Demand and International Specialisation : A Test of Trade Theories," Cahiers de Recherches Economiques du Département d'économie 9918, Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, Département d’économie.
    2. Schön, Matthias & Stähler, Nikolai, 2020. "When old meets young? Germany's population ageing and the current account," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 315-336.
    3. Pierre M. Picard & Dao‐Zhi Zeng, 2010. "A Harmonization Of First And Second Natures," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 50(5), pages 973-994, December.
    4. Trionfetti, Federico, 1999. "On the home market effect: theory and empirical evidence," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 20215, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    5. Kutlina-Dimitrova, Zornitsa, 2018. "Government procurement: data, trends and protectionist tendencies," DG TRADE Chief Economist Notes 2018-3, Directorate General for Trade, European Commission.
    6. Du, Julan & He, Qing & Zhang, Ce, 2022. "Risk sharing and industrial specialization in China," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(2), pages 599-626.
    7. Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano, 2004. "Footloose capital, market access and the geography of regional state aid," Chapters, in: Jean-Louis Mucchielli & Thierry Mayer (ed.), Multinational Firms’ Location and the New Economic Geography, chapter 8, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    8. Kempkes, Gerhard & Stähler, Nikolai, 2021. "Re-allocating taxing rights and minimum tax rates in international profit taxation," Discussion Papers 03/2021, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    9. Kutlina-Dimitrova, Zornitsa, 2017. "Can we put a price on extending the scope of the GPA? First quantitative assessment," DG TRADE Chief Economist Notes 2017-1, Directorate General for Trade, European Commission.
    10. Chiara Carboni & Elisabetta Iossa & Gianpiero Mattera, 2018. "Barriers towards foreign firms in international public procurement markets: a review," Economia e Politica Industriale: Journal of Industrial and Business Economics, Springer;Associazione Amici di Economia e Politica Industriale, vol. 45(1), pages 85-107, March.
    11. Rolf Weder, 2003. "Comparative home-market advantage: An empirical analysis of British and American exports," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 139(2), pages 220-247, June.
    12. Hinterlang, Natascha & Moyen, Stéphane & Röhe, Oke & Stähler, Nikolai, 2021. "Gauging the effects of the German COVID-19 fiscal stimulus package," Discussion Papers 43/2021, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    13. Robert L. Bray & Juan Camilo Serpa & Ahmet Colak, 2019. "Supply Chain Proximity and Product Quality," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 65(9), pages 4079-4099, September.
    14. Ruppert, Kilian & Stähler, Nikolai, 2020. "Household savings, capital investments and public policies: What drives the German current account?," Discussion Papers 41/2020, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    15. Chiara Carboni & Elisabetta Iossa & Gianpiero Mattera, 2017. "Barriers to Public Procurement: A Review and Recent Patterns in the EU," IEFE Working Papers 92, IEFE, Center for Research on Energy and Environmental Economics and Policy, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy.
    16. Jens Südekum, 2010. "National champions and globalization," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 43(1), pages 204-231, February.
    17. Shingal, Anirudh, 2013. ""New" econometric evidence for the Baldwin-Richardson (1972)/Miyagiwa (1991) theoretical predictions in government procurement," MPRA Paper 49138, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    18. Eric Strobl, 2004. "Trends and Determinants of the Geographic Dispersion of Irish Manufacturing Activity, 1926- 1996," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(2), pages 191-205.
    19. MILE 02, Anirudh Shingal, 2012. "Exploring foreign market access in government procurement," Papers 305, World Trade Institute.
    20. Herz, Benedikt & Varela-Irimia, Xosé-Luís, 2016. "Border Effects in European Public Procurement," MPRA Paper 76401, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 24 Jan 2017.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • H57 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Procurement


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