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Home-Biased Demand and International Specialisation : A Test of Trade Theories

  • Marius BRÜLHART
  • Federico TRIONFETTI

We develop and apply a discriminating criterion to distinguish the two principal paradigms of international trade theory: constant-returns perfectly competitive models on the one hand, and increasing-returns monopolistically competitive models on the other. Our criterion rests on the existence of home-biased demand. It predicts a positive relationship between countries' relative output and their relative home bias in increasing-returns sectors, and no relationship in constant-returns sectors. In implementing the test on data for OECD countries we find that industries accounting for up to two thirds of manufacturing output conform to the increasing-returns monopolistically competitive model.

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Paper provided by Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, DEEP in its series Cahiers de Recherches Economiques du Département d'Econométrie et d'Economie politique (DEEP) with number 9918.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: Oct 1999
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:lau:crdeep:9918
Contact details of provider: Postal: Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, DEEP, Internef, CH-1015 Lausanne
Phone: ++41 21 692.33.64
Fax: +41-21-692.33.65
Web page: http://www.hec.unil.ch/deep/publications/cahiers/series
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