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Effet frontière, intégration économique et « Forteresse Europe »

  • Thierry Mayer
  • Keith Head

[eng] We use the border effects methodology to study the empirical foundation of anxieties relating to construction of a '' Fortress Europe''. We study to what extent imports from the United States and Japan for a representative European country have actually been subject to greater constraints than imports from other European countries, taking intra-national trade as a benchmark. Our findings show a relatively large increase in difficulty of access to the European market for Japanese and American producers during the 1980s. This pattern contrasts quite markedly with the gradual reduction in border effects within the European Union. [fre] Nous utilisons la méthodologie des effets frontières pour étudier les fondements empiriques des inquiétudes liées à la construction d'une " Forteresse Europe". Nous étudions dans quelle mesure les importations en provenance des États-Unis et du Japon d'un pays européen représentatif ont été réellement soumises à des contraintes plus importantes que les importations en provenance d'autres pays européens en prenant le commerce intra-national comme niveau de référence. Nos résultats font état d'une augmentation relativement importante de la difficulté d'accès au marché européen pour les producteurs japonais et américains au cours des années 80. Cette évolution contraste assez nettement avec la baisse graduelle des effets frontières à l'intérieur de l'Union Européenne.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 152 (2002)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 71-92

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_2002_num_152_1_6367
Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.2002.6367
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecop

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  1. Keith Head & Thierry Mayer, 2000. "Non-Europe: The magnitude and causes of market fragmentation in the EU," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 136(2), pages 284-314, June.
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  16. Bergstrand, Jeffrey H, 1985. "The Gravity Equation in International Trade: Some Microeconomic Foundations and Empirical Evidence," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 67(3), pages 474-81, August.
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