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Effet frontière, intégration économique et « Forteresse Europe »

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  • Keith Head
  • Thierry Mayer

Abstract

[eng] We use the border effects methodology to study the empirical foundation of anxieties relating to construction of a '' Fortress Europe''. We study to what extent imports from the United States and Japan for a representative European country have actually been subject to greater constraints than imports from other European countries, taking intra-national trade as a benchmark. Our findings show a relatively large increase in difficulty of access to the European market for Japanese and American producers during the 1980s. This pattern contrasts quite markedly with the gradual reduction in border effects within the European Union. [fre] Nous utilisons la méthodologie des effets frontières pour étudier les fondements empiriques des inquiétudes liées à la construction d'une " Forteresse Europe". Nous étudions dans quelle mesure les importations en provenance des États-Unis et du Japon d'un pays européen représentatif ont été réellement soumises à des contraintes plus importantes que les importations en provenance d'autres pays européens en prenant le commerce intra-national comme niveau de référence. Nos résultats font état d'une augmentation relativement importante de la difficulté d'accès au marché européen pour les producteurs japonais et américains au cours des années 80. Cette évolution contraste assez nettement avec la baisse graduelle des effets frontières à l'intérieur de l'Union Européenne.

Suggested Citation

  • Keith Head & Thierry Mayer, 2002. "Effet frontière, intégration économique et « Forteresse Europe »," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 152(1), pages 71-92.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_2002_num_152_1_6367
    DOI: 10.3406/ecop.2002.6367
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.2002.6367
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    3. Lionel Fontagné & Thierry Mayer & Soledad Zignago, 2005. "Trade in the Triad: how easy is the access to large markets?," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 38(4), pages 1401-1430, November.
    4. Claude LACOUR (IERSO, IFReDE-GRES) & Stéphane VIROL (IERSO, IFReDE-GRES), 2005. "European regional policy: new bases, new borders? (In French)," Cahiers du GRES (2002-2009) 2005-21, Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales.
    5. Balazs Egert & Amina Lahrèche-Révil & Kirsten Lommatzsch, 2004. "The Stock-Flow Approach to the Real Exchange Rate of CEE Transition Economies," Working Papers 2004-15, CEPII research center.
    6. CHEVASSUS-LOZZA Emmanuelle & GALLIANO Danielle, 2006. "Intra-firm trade and European integration: Evidences from the French multinational agribusiness," Cahiers du GRES (2002-2009) 2006-24, Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales.
    7. Javad Abedini & Nicolas Péridy, 2009. "The Emergence of Iran in the World Car Industry: An Estimation of its Export Potential," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 32(5), pages 790-818, May.
    8. Chevassus-Lozza, Emmanuelle & Majkovic, Darja & Persillet, Vanessa & Unguru, Manuela, 2005. "Technical Barriers to Trade in the European Union : Importance for the New EU Members. An Assessment for Agricultural and Food Products," 2005 International Congress, August 23-27, 2005, Copenhagen, Denmark 24621, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    9. Peridy, Nicolas, 2005. "The trade effects of the Euro-Mediterranean partnership: what are the lessons for ASEAN countries?," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(1), pages 125-139, February.
    10. Charlotte Emlinger & Florence Jacquet & Emmanuelle Chevassus Lozza, 2008. "Tariffs and other trade costs: assessing obstacles to Mediterranean countries' access to EU-15 fruit and vegetable markets," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 35(4), pages 409-438, December.
    11. Thierry Mayer & Keith Head, 2002. "Illusory Border Effects: Distance Mismeasurement Inflates Estimates of Home Bias in Trade," Working Papers 2002-01, CEPII research center.
    12. Ricart, Joan E. & Enright, Michael J. & Ghemawat, Pankaj & Khanna, Tarun & Hart, Stuart L., 2003. "New frontiers in international strategy," IESE Research Papers D/532, IESE Business School.
    13. Zakaria Sorgho & Bruno Larue, 2014. "Geographical indication regulation and intra-trade in the European Union," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 45(S1), pages 1-12, November.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F17 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Forecasting and Simulation

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