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Intra-firm trade and European integration: Evidences from the French multinational agribusiness

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  • CHEVASSUS-LOZZA Emmanuelle
  • GALLIANO Danielle

Abstract

This paper aims firstly to determine the factors that lead multinational firms to internalise their international exchanges and secondly to analyse the impact of the implementation of the European Single Market on their strategies. This study is based on the “Industrial Globalisation” survey conducted by the French statistics institutes in 1993 and in 1999. With regard to French agro-food trade, the results show that there has been an increase in intra-firm trade within the EU borders and the European MNEs’ networks. The main determinants of intra-firm trade are the firms’ need to generate economies of scale and to protect and exploit their “firm-specific advantages” related to the technology and to the nature of the product. The model not only reveals the groups’ strategy to penetrate the EU markets and to bypass borders, but it also sheds light on the role and the development of intra regional networks of subsidiaries.

Suggested Citation

  • CHEVASSUS-LOZZA Emmanuelle & GALLIANO Danielle, 2006. "Intra-firm trade and European integration: Evidences from the French multinational agribusiness," Cahiers du GRES (2002-2009) 2006-24, Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales.
  • Handle: RePEc:grs:wpegrs:2006-24
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    File URL: http://cahiersdugres.u-bordeaux4.fr/2006/2006-24.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Grossman, Gene M. & Helpman, Elhanan & Szeidl, Adam, 2006. "Optimal integration strategies for the multinational firm," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(1), pages 216-238, September.
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    5. Keith Head & Thierry Mayer, 2002. "Effet frontière, intégration économique et “Forteresse Europe”," Economie & Prévision, La Documentation Française, vol. 0(1), pages 71-92.
    6. Amable, Bruno, 2003. "The Diversity of Modern Capitalism," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199261147.
    7. John H. Dunning & Peter Robson, 1987. "Multinational Corporate Integration and Regional Economic Integration," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 26(2), pages 103-125, December.
    8. Keith Head & Thierry Mayer, 2000. "Non-Europe: The magnitude and causes of market fragmentation in the EU," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 136(2), pages 284-314, June.
    9. Emmanuelle Chevassus-Lozza & Jacques Gallezot & Danielle Galliano, 1999. "Exportations intra-firme ou directes : une alternative pour les firmes multinationales," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 326(1), pages 97-112.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Intra-firm trade; Agro-food industry; Single market; Multinational firms;

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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