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Legal framework as a trade barrier - evidence from transition countries : Hungarian, Romanian and Slovene examples

Author

Listed:
  • de Sausa, José
  • Disdier, Anne-Célia

Abstract

Using the border effect approach, our paper examines the influence of the legal framework quality of the Central and Eastern European countries on international trade. This approach offers an evaluation of the borders? impact on trade. A market is fragmented when actual trade differs from the trade that would be expected in an economy without border-related barriers. Recent findings have emphasized informal trade barriers as obstacles to trade flows (Anderson and Marcouiller, 2002; Anderson and Young, 2000; Rauch, 2001). We introduce different measures of the legal framework quality, which appears as a significant informal trade barrier. Actually, in case of conflict between two trade partners, it proves to be difficult for a given partner to get damages. Therefore, incentives to trade could be reduced. We adopt and refine the theoretical monopolistic competition model of trade developed by Head and Mayer (2000) and estimate it focusing on imports of Hungary, Romania, and Slovenia from European Union (EU) and Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA) countries. We find that legal framework quality appears as a strong determinant of export decisions of EU producers. In the opposite, the CEFTA producers seem to be less or not affected by this quality in their decisions of trade.

Suggested Citation

  • de Sausa, José & Disdier, Anne-Célia, 2002. "Legal framework as a trade barrier - evidence from transition countries : Hungarian, Romanian and Slovene examples," HWWA Discussion Papers 201, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:hwwadp:26300
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Babetskaia-Kukharchuk, Oxana & Maurel, Mathilde, 2004. "Russia's accession to the WTO: the potential for trade increase," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 680-699, December.
    2. Kuo-I CHANG & Kazunobu HAYAKAWA, 2010. "Border Barriers In Agricultural Trade And The Impact Of Their Elimination: Evidence From East Asia," The Developing Economies, Institute of Developing Economies, vol. 48(2), pages 232-246.
    3. Annekatrin Niebuhr, 2008. "The impact of EU enlargement on European border regions," International Journal of Public Policy, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, pages 163-186.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    legal framework; border effects; central and eastern European countries;

    JEL classification:

    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • P20 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - General

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