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The Costs of Increasing the Fertility Rate in an Endogenous Growth Model

  • Stauvermann, Peter J.
  • Ky, Sereyvath
  • Nam, Gi-Yu
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    In this paper, we apply an Overlapping Generations (OLG) model with endogenous fertility and a pay as you go (PAYG) pension system to find out what are the economic consequences of different policy measures to increase the number of children. Especially, we take into account the introduction of a child dependent PAYG pension system, child allowances financed by a labor income tax, and a reduction of the child rearing costs. Some authors have shown that in small open economies with exogenous growth it is possible to increase the fertility without harming any generation. Here we show that this is impossible in a model with endogenous growth.

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/46381/1/MPRA_paper_46381.pdf
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    Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 46381.

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    Date of creation: Jan 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:46381
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    1. Romer, Paul M, 1986. "Increasing Returns and Long-run Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(5), pages 1002-37, October.
    2. Fenge, Robert & Meier, Volker, 2009. "Are family allowances and fertility-related pensions perfect substitutes?," Munich Reprints in Economics 20340, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
    3. Martin Kolmar, 1997. "Intergenerational redistribution in a small open economy with endogenous fertility," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 10(3), pages 335-356.
    4. Luca Gori & Luciano Fanti, 2008. "Fertility-related pensions and fertility disincentives," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 10(8), pages 1-7.
    5. Yang, Zaigui, 2007. "Partially Funded Pension, Fertility and Endogenous Growth," MPRA Paper 18681, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. van Groezen, Bas & Leers, Theo & Meijdam, Lex, 2003. "Social security and endogenous fertility: pensions and child allowances as siamese twins," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(2), pages 233-251, February.
    7. Irmen, Andreas & Wigger, Berthold, 2002. "National Minimum Wages, Capital Mobility and Global Economic Growth," CEPR Discussion Papers 3286, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    8. G. ABIO & Géraldine MAHIEU & C. Patxot, 2002. "On the Optimality of PAYG Pension Systems in an Endogenous Fertility Setting," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2002006, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
    9. Robert Fenge & Volker Meier, 2005. "Pensions and fertility incentives," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 38(1), pages 28-48, February.
    10. Tarjei Havnes & Magne Mogstad, 2009. "No Child Left Behind. Universal Child Care and Children's Long-Run Outcomes," Discussion Papers 582, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
    11. Fanti, Luciano & Gori, Luca, 2010. "PAYG pensions, tax-cum-subsidy and optimality," MPRA Paper 20219, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Dimitrios Varvarigos & Intan Zanariah Zakaria, 2010. "Endogenous Fertility in a Growth Model with Public and Private Health Expenditures," Discussion Papers in Economics 11/07, Department of Economics, University of Leicester.
    13. Yang Zaigui, 2005. "Pay-As-You-Go Public Pension Systems: Two-sided Altruism and Endogenous Growth," Asia-Pacific Journal of Risk and Insurance, De Gruyter, vol. 1(1), pages 1-13, June.
    14. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:10:y:2008:i:8:p:1-7 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Fanti, Luciano & Gori, Luca, 2010. "Economic growth and stability with public PAYG pensions and private intra-family old-age insurance," MPRA Paper 20727, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Dimitrios Varvarigos & Intan Zakaria, 2013. "Endogenous fertility in a growth model with public and private health expenditures," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 26(1), pages 67-85, January.
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