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How a Pay-As-You-Go Pension System Can Lead To a Pareto Improvement in an OLG Model with Endogenous Fertility


  • Peter J. Stauvermann

    () (Changwon National University, Department of Economics, Republic of Korea)


Mostly, all developed countries have the problem that the total fertility rate is below its sustainable level. Therefore, all these countries face economic problems caused by a demographic change. In this paper, we show that given certain conditions a pay-as-you-go pension system where the pension depends only on the number of own children leads to a Pareto improvement and to an increase of the total fertility rate. To show this we use an Overlapping Generation model with endogenous fertility in a small open economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Peter J. Stauvermann, 2013. "How a Pay-As-You-Go Pension System Can Lead To a Pareto Improvement in an OLG Model with Endogenous Fertility," Economic Research Guardian, Weissberg Publishing, vol. 3(1), pages 61-69, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:wei:journl:v:3:y:2013:i:1:p:61-69

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Martin Kolmar, 1997. "Intergenerational redistribution in a small open economy with endogenous fertility," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 10(3), pages 335-356.
    2. Paul A. Samuelson, 1958. "An Exact Consumption-Loan Model of Interest with or without the Social Contrivance of Money," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 66, pages 467-467.
    3. Galor, Oded & Weil, David N, 1996. "The Gender Gap, Fertility, and Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(3), pages 374-387, June.
    4. van Groezen, Bas & Leers, Theo & Meijdam, Lex, 2003. "Social security and endogenous fertility: pensions and child allowances as siamese twins," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(2), pages 233-251, February.
    5. Homburg, Stefan, 1990. "The Efficiency of Unfunded Pension Schemes," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 640-647.
    6. Robert Fenge & Volker Meier, 2005. "Pensions and fertility incentives," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 38(1), pages 28-48, February.
    7. Luca Gori & Luciano Fanti, 2008. "Fertility-related pensions and fertility disincentives," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 10(8), pages 1-7.
    8. Berthold U. Wigger, 1999. "Pay-as-you-go financed public pensions in a model of endogenous growth and fertility," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 12(4), pages 625-640.
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    More about this item


    Endogenous fertility; Pay-as-you-go pension system; OLG model;

    JEL classification:

    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth


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