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Some Issues in the National Income Accounts of Pakistan (Rebasing, Quarterly and Provincial Accounts and Growth Accounting)

  • Arby, Muhammad Farooq

This dissertation takes on some important issues related with national accounts of Pakistan including (a) re-estimation of past series of national accounts (prior to the year 1999-00) to make it consistent with the new official series for years 1999-00 onward at new base year prices; (b) quarterisation of annual series of national accounts to remove one of the major stumbling block in research by making available high frequency data, (c) estimation of provincial accounts with new base year prices, and (d) estimation the contribution of total factor productivity (TFP) to economic growth with the new series of gross domestic product and its sub-sectors. Thus by embarking upon the above mentioned issues, the dissertation contributes to the economic literature in the following respects: • It provides a new set of national accounts at 1999-00 prices as well as at current prices for a period from 1970-71 to date consistent with the new official estimates for recent years. • It gives quarterly data of GDP and all its sectors/sub-sectors both at constant prices of 1999-00 and at current prices.1 A by-product of this exercise is quarterly GDP deflator (with 1999-00=100) which was earlier not available in Pakistan. • It presents estimates of provincial GDP and all its sectors/sub-sectors covering all the provinces in a consistent framework.2 • It provides series of gross fixed capital formation and capital stock estimated at disaggregated level and at prices of 1999-00. • It estimates contribution of TFP, capital and labour to the growth of GDP and its sectors/sub-sectors (growth rates of new series at 1999-00 prices).

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 32048.

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Date of creation: Feb 2008
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:32048
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  1. Hansen, Bruce E., 1992. "Efficient estimation and testing of cointegrating vectors in the presence of deterministic trends," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 53(1-3), pages 87-121.
  2. Heal, Geoffrey & Kristrom, Bengt, 2005. "National income and the environment," Handbook of Environmental Economics, in: K. G. Mäler & J. R. Vincent (ed.), Handbook of Environmental Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 22, pages 1147-1217 Elsevier.
  3. Susan M. Collins & Barry P. Bosworth, 1996. "Economic Growth in East Asia: Accumulation versus Assimilation," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 27(2), pages 135-204.
  4. Zafar Mahmood & Rehana Siddiqui, 2000. "State of Technology and Productivity in Pakistan’s Manufacturing Industries: Some Strategic Directions to Build Technological Competence," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 39(1), pages 1-21.
  5. Robert B. Litterman, 1983. "A random walk, Markov model for the distribution of time series," Staff Report 84, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  6. Psacharopoulos, George & Patrinos, Harry Anthony, 2002. "Returns to investment in education : a further update," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2881, The World Bank.
  7. Stone, Richard, 1984. "The Accounts of Society," Nobel Prize in Economics documents 1984-1, Nobel Prize Committee.
  8. Graham, Robert E, Jr & Romans, J Thomas, 1971. "Regional Economic Accounting in the U.S. Office of Business Economics-An Appraisal," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 17(1), pages 1-34, March.
  9. Zuliu F. Hu & Mohsin S. Khan, 1997. "Why Is China Growing So Fast?," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 44(1), pages 103-131, March.
  10. Diewert, W. E., 1976. "Exact and superlative index numbers," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 4(2), pages 115-145, May.
  11. Chow, Gregory C & Lin, An-loh, 1971. "Best Linear Unbiased Interpolation, Distribution, and Extrapolation of Time Series by Related Series," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 53(4), pages 372-75, November.
  12. Mico Mrkaic, 2002. "The Growth of Total Factor Productivity in Slovenia," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(4), pages 445-454.
  13. Kyoji Fukao & Yukako Murakami, 2003. "Do Foreign Firms Bring Greater Total Factor Productivity to Japan?," Hi-Stat Discussion Paper Series d03-04, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
  14. A.R. Kemal, 1978. "Are "Consistent Time Series Data Relating to Pakistan's Large-Scale Manufacturing Industries"Inconsistent? A' Reply," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 17(1), pages 109-122.
  15. Eisner, Robert, 1988. "Extended Accounts for National Income and Product," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 26(4), pages 1611-84, December.
  16. William D. Nordhaus & James Tobin, 1971. "Is Growth Obsolete?," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 319, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    • William D. Nordhaus & James Tobin, 1972. "Is Growth Obsolete?," NBER Chapters, in: Economic Research: Retrospect and Prospect, Volume 5, Economic Growth, pages 1-80 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    • William D. Nordhaus & James Tobin, 1973. "Is Growth Obsolete?," NBER Chapters, in: The Measurement of Economic and Social Performance, pages 509-564 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  17. Fernandez, Roque B, 1981. "A Methodological Note on the Estimation of Time Series," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 63(3), pages 471-76, August.
  18. Capron, H & Thys-Clement, F, 1992. "Regional Accounts in Action: Concerning Methodological Problems from a Belgian Perspective," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 38(1), pages 81-92, March.
  19. Michael Lahr, 2001. "Reconciling Domestication Techniques, the Notion of Re-exports and Some Comments on Regional Accounting," Economic Systems Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(2), pages 165-179.
  20. Richard G. Lipsey & Kenneth Carlaw, 2000. "What Does Total Factor Productivity Measure?," International Productivity Monitor, Centre for the Study of Living Standards, vol. 1, pages 31-40, Fall.
  21. Phillips, Peter C B & Hansen, Bruce E, 1990. "Statistical Inference in Instrumental Variables Regression with I(1) Processes," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(1), pages 99-125, January.
  22. Albert Ando, 2000. "On the Japanese Economy and Japanese National Accounts," NBER Working Papers 8033, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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