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Autonomous Demand and Technical Change: Exploring the Kaldor-Verdoorn Law on a Global Level

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  • Matteo Deleidi
  • Claudia Fontanari
  • Santiago J. Gahn

Abstract

This paper aims to explain labour productivity through the lens of a Kaldorian perspective. To assess the relationship between output, demand, capital accumulation, and labour productivity, we apply Panel Structural Vector Autoregressive (P-SVAR) modelling to a dataset of 52 countries observed over a long-time span as provided by the Penn World Table. Findings validate the Kaldorian perspective and show that demand shocks – measured by government expenditures and exports – produce positive and persistent effects on labour productivity. Findings are confirmed even when the full sample is broken down to consider developed and developing countries separately.

Suggested Citation

  • Matteo Deleidi & Claudia Fontanari & Santiago J. Gahn, 2022. "Autonomous Demand and Technical Change: Exploring the Kaldor-Verdoorn Law on a Global Level," Working Papers PKWP2212, Post Keynesian Economics Society (PKES).
  • Handle: RePEc:pke:wpaper:pkwp2212
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Labour productivity; Autonomous demand; Panel SVAR; Penn World Table; Kaldor-Verdoorn;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • E12 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Keynes; Keynesian; Post-Keynesian; Modern Monetary Theory
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence

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