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Health Inequality, Education and Medical Innovation

  • Sherry Glied
  • Adriana Lleras-Muney
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    Recent studies suggest that health inequalities across socio-economic groups in the US are large and have been growing. We hypothesize that, as in other, non-health contexts, this pattern occurs because more educated people are better able than to take advantage of technological advances in medicine than are the less educated. We test this hypothesis by relating education gradients in mortality with measures medical innovation. We focus on overall mortality and cancer mortality, examining both the incidence of cancer and survival conditional on disease incidence. We find evidence supporting the hypothesis that education gradients are steeper for diseases with more innovation.

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    File URL: http://www.nber.org/papers/w9738.pdf
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    Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 9738.

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    Date of creation: Jun 2003
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    Publication status: published as Lleras-Muney, Adriana and Sherry Glied. “Health Inequality, Education and Medical Innovation." Demography 45, 3 (August 2008): 741-761.
    Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:9738
    Note: HE
    Contact details of provider: Postal: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.
    Phone: 617-868-3900
    Web page: http://www.nber.org
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    1. Zvi Griliches, 1998. "Productivity, R&D, and the Data Constraint," NBER Chapters, in: R&D and Productivity: The Econometric Evidence, pages 347-374 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Daron Acemoglu & Joshua Angrist, 1999. "How Large are the Social Returns to Education? Evidence from Compulsory Schooling Laws," Working papers 99-30, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
    3. Steven G. Allen, 1996. "Technology and the Wage Structure," NBER Working Papers 5534, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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