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Better Luck Next Time: Learning Through Retaking

  • Verónica Frisancho
  • Kala Krishna
  • Sergey Lychagin
  • Cemile Yavas

In this paper we provide some evidence that repeat taking of competitive exams may reduce the impact of background disadvantages on educational outcomes. Using administrative data on the university entrance exam in Turkey we estimate cumulative learning between the first and the nth attempt while controlling for selection into retaking in terms of observed and unobserved characteristics. We find large learning gains measured in terms of improvements in the exam scores, especially among less advantaged students.

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File URL: http://www.nber.org/papers/w19663.pdf
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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 19663.

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Date of creation: Nov 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:19663
Note: DEV ED LS
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  1. Asena Caner & Cagla Okten, 2008. "Risk and Career Choice: Evidence from Turkey," Working Papers 0803, TOBB University of Economics and Technology, Department of Economics.
  2. David Card, 2005. "Is the New Immigration Really So Bad?," NBER Working Papers 11547, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Saygin, Perihan Ozge, 2012. "Gender Differences in College Applications: Evidence from the Centralized System in Turkey," Working Papers 12-21, University of Mannheim, Department of Economics.
  4. Verónica C. Frisancho Robles & Kala Krishna, 2012. "Affirmative Action in Higher Education in India: Targeting, Catch Up, and Mismatch," NBER Working Papers 17727, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Loury, Linda Datcher & Garman, David, 1993. "Affirmative Action in Higher Education," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(2), pages 99-103, May.
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