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Immigrant Key Workers: Their Contribution to Europe's COVID-19 Response


  • Fasani, Francesco

    (Queen Mary, University of London)

  • Mazza, Jacopo

    (European Commission, Joint Research Centre)


This note describes the contribution of migrant workers to the ongoing effort to keep basic services running in the Union during the COVID-19 epidemic. We quantify the prevalence of migrant workers in the so called "key professions" that the Commission and Member States have identified using the most recent wave of the EU Labour Force Survey. Our results show that migrant "key workers" are essential for critical functions in European societies.

Suggested Citation

  • Fasani, Francesco & Mazza, Jacopo, 2020. "Immigrant Key Workers: Their Contribution to Europe's COVID-19 Response," IZA Policy Papers 155, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izapps:pp155

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    Cited by:

    1. Gaetano Basso & Tito Boeri & Alessandro Caiumi & Marco Paccagnella, 2020. "The new hazardous jobs and worker reallocation," OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers 247, OECD Publishing.
    2. Agar Brugiavini & Raluca E. Buia & Irene Simonetti, 2021. "Occupation and working outcomes during the Coronavirus Pandemic," Working Papers 2021:09, Department of Economics, University of Venice "Ca' Foscari".
    3. Xu, Dafeng, 2021. "Physical mobility under stay-at-home orders: A comparative analysis of movement restrictions between the U.S. and Europe," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 40(C).
    4. Fasani, Francesco & Mazza, Jacopo, 2020. "Being on the Frontline? Immigrant Workers in Europe and the COVID-19 Pandemic," IZA Discussion Papers 13963, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    5. Rowe, Francisco & Mahony, Michael & Graells-Garrido, Eduardo & Rango, Marzia & Sievers, Niklas, 2021. "Using Twitter to Track Immigration Sentiment During Early Stages of the COVID-19 Pandemic," SocArXiv pc3za, Center for Open Science.
    6. Thomas Amosse & Mikael Beatriz & Christine Erhel & Malik Koubi & Amélie Mauroux, 2021. "Les métiers "de deuxième ligne" de la crise du Covid-19 : quelles conditions de travail et d'emploi dans le secteur privé ?," Working Papers halshs-03228778, HAL.
    7. Jesús Fernández-Huertas Moraga, 2021. "Inmigración y políticas migratorias en España," Studies on the Spanish Economy eee2021-10, FEDEA.
    8. Nathan Barker & C. Austin Davis & Paula López-Peña & Harrison Mitchell & A. Mushfiq Mobarak & Karim Naguib & Maira Emy Reimão & Ashish Shenoy & Corey Vernot, 2020. "Migration and the labour market impacts of COVID-19," WIDER Working Paper Series wp-2020-139, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

    More about this item


    migrant workers; COVID-19 epidemic; key occupations;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • K37 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - Immigration Law

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