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Migration Strategies of the Crisis-Stricken Youth in an Enlarged European Union

  • Kahanec, Martin

    ()

    (Central European University)

  • Fabo, Brian

    ()

    (Central European Labour Studies Institute)

This paper studies the migration response of the youth from new EU member states to disparate conditions in an enlarged European Union at the onset of the Great Recession. We use the Eurobarometer data and probabilistic econometric models to identify the key drivers of the intention to work in another member state of European Economic Area (EEA) and their expected duration. We find that migration intentions are high among those not married and among males with children, but both categories are also overrepresented among people with only temporary as opposed to long-term or permanent migration plans. Whereas age affects migration intentions negatively, education has no effect on whether working abroad is envisaged. However, conditional on envisaging to work abroad, completion of education (if after 16th birthday) is associated with long-term (at least five years), but not permanent, migration plans. Finally, we find that socio-demographic variables explain about as much variation of migration intentions as self-reported push and pull factors and migration constraints.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 7285.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2013
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Transfer: European Review of Labor and Research, 2013, 19 (3), 365-380
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp7285
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  1. Kahanec, Martin, 2013. "Skilled labor flows : lessons from the European Union," Social Protection Discussion Papers 75529, The World Bank.
  2. Giulietti, Corrado & Guzi, Martin & Kahanec, Martin & Zimmermann, Klaus F, 2011. "Unemployment Benefits and Immigration: Evidence from the EU," CEPR Discussion Papers 8672, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. repec:nsr:niesrd:379 is not listed on IDEAS
  4. Amelie F. Constant & Klaus F. Zimmermann (ed.), 2013. "International Handbook on the Economics of Migration," Books, Edward Elgar, number 4026, December.
  5. Kahanec, Martin, 2012. "Labor Mobility in an Enlarged European Union," IZA Discussion Papers 6485, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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