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Does Emigration Benefit the Stayers? Evidence from EU Enlargement

  • Elsner, Benjamin

    ()

    (IZA)

Around 9% of the Lithuanian workforce emigrated to Western Europe after the enlargement of the European Union in 2004. I exploit this emigration wave to study the effect of emigration on wages in the sending country. Using household data from Lithuania and work permit and census data from the UK and Ireland, I demonstrate that emigration had a significant positive effect on the wages of stayers. A one percentage-point increase in the emigration rate predicts a 0.67% increase in real wages. This effect, however, is only statistically significant for men.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 6843.

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Length: 47 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2012
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Journal of Population Economics, 2013, 26 (2), 531-553
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6843
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  16. Zaiceva, Anzelika & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2008. "Scale, Diversity, and Determinants of Labour Migration in Europe," IZA Discussion Papers 3595, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  17. Bouton, Lawrence & Paul, Saumik & Tiongson, Erwin R., 2011. "The impact of emigration on source country wages : evidence from the Republic of Moldova," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5764, The World Bank.
  18. Wadensjö, Eskil, 2007. "Migration to Sweden from the New EU Member States," IZA Discussion Papers 3190, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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