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The Evolution of Inflation and Unemployment: Explaining the Roaring Nineties

  • Karanassou, Marika

    ()

    (Queen Mary, University of London)

  • Sala, Hector

    ()

    (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)

  • Snower, Dennis J.

    ()

    (Kiel Institute for the World Economy)

This paper analyses the relation between US inflation and unemployment from the perspective of "frictional growth," a phenomenon arising from the interplay between growth and frictions. In particular, we examine the interaction between money growth (on the one hand) and various real and nominal frictions (on the other). In this context we show that monetary policy has not only persistent, but permanent real effects, giving rise to a long-run inflation-unemployment tradeoff. We evaluate this tradeoff empirically and assess the impact of productivity, money growth, budget deficit, and trade deficit on the US unemployment and inflation trajectories during the nineties.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 2900.

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Length: 35 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2007
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Australian Economic Papers, 2008, 47 (4), 334-354
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2900
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  8. Ribba, Antonio, 2007. "Permanent disinflationary effects on unemployment in a small open economy: Italy 1979-1995," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 66-81, January.
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  12. Lawrence J. Christiano & Martin Eichenbaum & Charles L. Evans, 1998. "Monetary Policy Shocks: What Have We Learned and to What End?," NBER Working Papers 6400, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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