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The Empirical Relevance of Simple Forward- and Backward-looking Models: A View from a Dynamic General Equilibrium Model

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  • Lindé, Jesper

    () (Research Department, Central Bank of Sweden)

Abstract

Recent research have provided evidence that backward-looking models fit the data well while purely forward-looking models seem to be inconsistent with data. Consequently, many recent papers in the monetary policy rule literature have used "hybrid" models, which contain both backward- and forward-looking components. In this paper, I demonstrate that a dynamic general equilibrium model with flexible prices and forward-looking properties cannot account for the empirical findings, i.e. that backward-looking behavior seems more important than forward-looking behavior, and that backward-looking models fit the data better than purely forward-looking models. The results also show that the equilibrium model cannot replicate the estimated high weight on backward-looking behavior on US data for the hybrid model.

Suggested Citation

  • Lindé, Jesper, 2001. "The Empirical Relevance of Simple Forward- and Backward-looking Models: A View from a Dynamic General Equilibrium Model," Working Paper Series 130, Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden).
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:rbnkwp:0130
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    Cited by:

    1. Andreas Beyer & Roger E. A. Farmer, 2004. "On the Indeterminacy of New-Keynesian Economics," Computing in Economics and Finance 2004 152, Society for Computational Economics.
    2. Linde, Jesper, 2005. "Estimating New-Keynesian Phillips curves: A full information maximum likelihood approach," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(6), pages 1135-1149, September.
    3. Martin Eichenbaum & Jonas D. M. Fisher, 2003. "Evaluating the Calvo model of sticky prices," Working Paper Series WP-03-23, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
    4. Diron, Marie & Mojon, Benoît, 2005. "Forecasting the central bank's inflation objective is a good rule of thumb," Working Paper Series 564, European Central Bank.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Monetary policy rules; New Keynesian Phillips-curves; Rational expectations IS-curves; Backward-looking models; Dynamic general equilibrium models; Lucas critique;

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy

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