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Do Regions Make a Difference? Regional Innovation Systems and Global Innovation Networks in the ICT Industry

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  • Chaminade , Cristina

    (CIRCLE, Lund University)

  • Plechero , Monica

    (IRPPS-CNR, Italy and CIRCLE, Lund University, Sweden)

Abstract

Access to global innovation networks (GINs) has been unequal across the regions of the world. While certain regions are considered knowledge hubs in GINs, others still remain marginalized; this points to the role of regional innovation systems in the emergence and development of GINs. Using firm-level data collected through a survey and case studies in 2009–2010, this article systematically compares the patterns of global networks in the ICT industry in a selection of European, Chinese and Indian regions. The results show that GINs are more common in regions which are not organizationally and institutionally thick, suggesting that GINs may be a compensatory mechanism for weaknesses in the regional innovation system.

Suggested Citation

  • Chaminade , Cristina & Plechero , Monica, 2013. "Do Regions Make a Difference? Regional Innovation Systems and Global Innovation Networks in the ICT Industry," Papers in Innovation Studies 2013/32, Lund University, CIRCLE - Centre for Innovation Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:lucirc:2013_032
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    2. Elena Zukauskaite & Michaela Trippl & Monica Plechero, 2017. "Institutional Thickness Revisited," Economic Geography, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 93(4), pages 325-345, August.
    3. Chen, Liang-Chih, 2015. "Building extra-regional networks for regional innovation systems: Taiwan's machine tool industry in China," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 100(C), pages 107-117.
    4. Roman Martin & Jan Ole Rypestøl, 2018. "Linking content and technology: on the geography of innovation networks in the Bergen media cluster," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 25(10), pages 966-989, November.
    5. José María García Álvarez-Coque & Francisco Mas-Verdú & Norat Roig-Tierno, 2017. "Technological innovation versus non-technological innovation: different conditions in different regional contexts?," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 51(5), pages 1955-1967, September.
    6. Binz, Christian & Diaz Anadon, Laura, 2016. "Transplanting clean-tech paths from elsewhere: The emergence of the Chinese solar PV industry," Papers in Innovation Studies 2016/29, Lund University, CIRCLE - Centre for Innovation Research.
    7. Dezhong Duan & Yang Zhang & Ying Chen & Debin Du, 2019. "Regional Integration in the Inter-City Technology Transfer System of the Yangtze River Delta, China," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(10), pages 1-19, May.
    8. Plechero, Monica & Mandar, Kulkarni & Chaminade, Cristina & Balaji, Parthasarathy, 2019. "Explaining the past, predicting the future: the influence of regional trajectories on innovation networks of new industries in emerging economies," Papers in Innovation Studies 2019/15, Lund University, CIRCLE - Centre for Innovation Research.
    9. Monica Plechero & Cristina Chaminade, 2016. "The role of regional sectoral specialisation on the geography of innovation networks: a comparison between firms located in regions in developed and emerging economies," International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 8(2), pages 148-171.
    10. De Noni, Ivan & Orsi, Luigi & Belussi, Fiorenza, 2018. "The role of collaborative networks in supporting the innovation performances of lagging-behind European regions," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 1-13.
    11. Cristina Chaminade & Marco Bellandi & Monica Plechero & Erica Santini, 2019. "Understanding processes of path renewal and creation in thick specialized regional innovation systems. Evidence from two textile districts in Italy and Sweden," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 27(10), pages 1978-1994, October.
    12. Rasmus Lema & Roberta Rabellotti & Padmashree Gehl Sampath, 2018. "Innovation Trajectories in Developing Countries: Co-evolution of Global Value Chains and Innovation Systems," The European Journal of Development Research, Palgrave Macmillan;European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI), vol. 30(3), pages 345-363, July.
    13. Martin, Roman & Wiig Aslesen, Heidi & Grillitsch, Markus & Herstad, Sverre, 2017. "Regional Innovation Systems and Global Flows of Knowledge," Papers in Innovation Studies 2017/7, Lund University, CIRCLE - Centre for Innovation Research.
    14. Mafini Dosso & Paulina Ramirez, 2020. "Organization and geography of global R&D and innovation activities: insights from qualitative research on leading corporate R&D investors," JRC Working Papers on Corporate R&D and Innovation 2020-03, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
    15. Irma Booyens, 2016. "Global–local trajectories for regional competitiveness: Tourism innovation in the Western Cape," Local Economy, London South Bank University, vol. 31(1-2), pages 142-157, February.
    16. Egor V. Dudukalov & Natalia D. Rodionova & Yana E. Sivakova & Elena Vyugova & Irina V. Cheryomushkina & Elena G. Popkova, 2016. "Global Innovational Networks: Sense and Role in Development of Global Economy," Contemporary Economics, University of Economics and Human Sciences in Warsaw., vol. 10(4), December.
    17. Valentina De Marchi & Roberto Grandinetti, 2017. "Regional Innovation Systems or Innovative Regions? Evidence from Italy," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 108(2), pages 234-249, April.
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    19. Cristina Chaminade & Claudia De Fuentes & Gouya Harirchi & Monica Plechero, 2016. "The geography and structure of global innovation networks: global scope and regional embeddedness," Chapters, in: Richard Shearmu & Christophe Carrincazeaux & David Doloreux (ed.), Handbook on the Geographies of Innovation, chapter 22, pages 370-381, Edward Elgar Publishing.
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    Keywords

    globalization; innovation networks; regions; Europe; India; China;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General

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