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Rules of the Game: The Place of Institutions in Regional Economic Change

  • Meric Gertler
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    Gertler M. S. Rules of the game: the place of institutions in regional economic change, Regional Studies. Institutions exert a pervasive influence on the evolution and character of regional economies. Yet, this role is poorly understood within recent debates on neoliberalism, varieties of capitalism, and other approaches to the study of economic change. A reconstituted institutional economic geography must accommodate individual agency, institutional evolution, interscalar relations, and comparative methodologies. Examining recent work on universities in local economies, as well as on creativity-based strategies and social inclusion/polarization, it is shown how locally distinctive institutional architectures shape evolutionary trajectories, leading to differentiated social and economic outcomes. The paper then enunciates some important principles of methodology and theory-building in institutional analysis. [image omitted] Gertler M. S. Les regles du jeu: le role des institutions dans le developpement economique, Regional Studies. Les institutions ont une influence omnipresente sur le developpement et les caracteristiques des economies regionales. Neanmoins, ce role s'avere mal-entendu dans les debats recents sur le neo-liberalisme, les tendances capitalistes, et d'autres facons d'etudier le developpement economique. Une geographie economique institutionnelle repensee doit comporter des methodologies specifiques aux agences individuelles, a l'evolution institutionnelle, aux relations interscalaires, ainsi que des methodologies comparatives. A partir des recherches recentes sur les universites situees dans des economies locales, aussi bien que sur des strategies basees sur l'innovation et sur l'inclusion/la polarisation sociale, on montre comment l'architecture institutionnelle, qui se distingue sur le plan local, influe sur les trajectoires futures, ce qui entraine des resultats sociaux et economiques distincts. L'article expose d'importants principes quant a la construction de methodologies et de theories dans le domaine de l'analyse institutionnelle. Institutions Capitalismes comparatifs Developpement futur Universites et economies locales Economies innovatrices Methodologies institutionnalistes Gertler M. S. Die Spielregeln: der Platz der Institutionen in der regionalen wirtschaftlichen Veranderung, Regional Studies. Institutionen uben einen umfassenden Einfluss auf die Evolution und das Wesen von Regionalwirtschaften aus. In den aktuellen Debatten uber Neoliberalismus, Spielarten des Kapitalismus und weitere Ansatze zum Studium wirtschaftlicher Veranderungen wird diese Rolle jedoch nicht ausreichend verstanden. In einer rekonstitutierten institutionellen Wirtschaftsgeografie mussen die individuellen Handlungen ebenso berucksichtigt werden wie die institutionelle Evolution, die interskalaren Beziehungen und die Vergleichsmethodologien. Bei einer Untersuchung der aktuellen Arbeiten von Universitaten in Lokalwirtschaften sowie der kreativitatsbasierten Strategien und der sozialen Eingliederung bzw. Polarisierung zeigt sich, wie lokal unterschiedliche institutionelle Architekturen evolutionare Bahnen pragen, was zu unterschiedlichen sozialen und wirtschaftlichen Ergebnissen fuhrt. Anschliessend werden in dem Beitrag einige wichtige Prinzipien der Methodologie und der Theoriebildung in der institutionellen Analyse formuliert. Institutionen Kapitalismusvergleich Evolutionare Veranderung Universitaten und Lokalwirtschaften Kreative Wirtschaften Institutionalistische Methodologien Gertler M. S. Las reglas del juego: el lugar de las instituciones en el cambio economico regional, Regional Studies. Las instituciones ejercen una influencia dominante en la evolucion y el caracter de las economias regionales. Sin embargo, esta funcion apenas se entiende en los recientes debates sobre neoliberalismo, variedades del capitalismo y otros enfoques para el estudio del cambio economico. Una geografia economica institucional reconstituida debe acomodar a la accion individual, la evolucion institucional, las relaciones interescalares y las metodologias comparativas. Al examinar el trabajo reciente sobre las universidades en economias locales, asi como las estrategias basadas en la creatividad y la inclusion/polarizacion social, observamos que las arquitecturas institucionales distintivas a nivel local forman las trayectorias evolucionarias lo que conduce a unos resultados sociales y economicos diferenciados. En este articulo formulamos algunos principios importantes de metodologia y construccion teorica en el analisis institucional. Instituciones Capitalismos comparativos Cambio evolucionario Universidades y economias locales Economias creativas Metodologias institucionalistas

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    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 44 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 1-15

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:44:y:2010:i:1:p:1-15
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