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The Geography and Structure of Global Innovation Networks: A Knowledge Base Perspective

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  • Ju Liu
  • Cristina Chaminade
  • Bjorn Asheim

Abstract

This paper explores the geography and structure of global innovation networks (GINs) of two multinational companies belonging to industries with different knowledge bases. It contributes to the existing literature on knowledge bases, by studying both intra-firm and inter-firm GINs. By means of social network analysis based on primary data, we identify two different forms of GINs, namely the globally organized model and the locally organized model. The paper finds that, in addition to influencing the geographic spread of a GIN, the knowledge base also influences the way that a GIN is organized.

Suggested Citation

  • Ju Liu & Cristina Chaminade & Bjorn Asheim, 2013. "The Geography and Structure of Global Innovation Networks: A Knowledge Base Perspective," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(9), pages 1456-1473, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:eurpls:v:21:y:2013:i:9:p:1456-1473
    DOI: 10.1080/09654313.2012.755842
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    Cited by:

    1. Chrystalla Kapetaniou & Soo Hee Lee, 2019. "Geographical proximity and open innovation of SMEs in Cyprus," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 52(1), pages 261-276, January.
    2. Pina, Katia & Tether, Bruce S., 2016. "Towards understanding variety in knowledge intensive business services by distinguishing their knowledge bases," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(2), pages 401-413.
    3. Smorodinskaya, Nataliya V. (Смородинская, Наталья В.) & Katukov, Daniel D. (Катуков, Даниил), 2017. "Dispersed Model of Production and Smart Agenda of National Economic Strategies
      [Распределенное Производство И «Умная» Повестка Национальных Экономических Стратегий]
      ," Economic Policy, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, vol. 6, pages 72-101, December.
    4. Klein, Malte & Sauer, Andreas, 2016. "Celebrating 30 years of innovation system research: What you need to know about innovation systems," Hohenheim Discussion Papers in Business, Economics and Social Sciences 17-2016, University of Hohenheim, Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences.
    5. Liu, Ju, 2015. "A Case Study on Multinational Companies’ Global Innovation Networks and Global Production Networks: Toward a Theoretical Conceptualisation," Papers in Innovation Studies 2015/45, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
    6. Liu, Ju & Chaminade, Cristina, 2014. "Exploring the interplay, differences, and commonalities between global production networks and global innovation networks of two multinational companies," Papers in Innovation Studies 2014/7, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
    7. Lu, Ren & Ruan, Min & Reve, Torger, 2016. "Cluster and co-located cluster effects: An empirical study of six Chinese city regions," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(10), pages 1984-1995.
    8. Herrmann, Johannes & Hjertström, Alexander & Avdeitchikova, Sofia, 2015. "The Influence of Functional and Relational Proximities on Business Angel Investments," Ratio Working Papers 253, The Ratio Institute.
    9. Mafini Dosso & Paulina Ramirez, 2020. "Organization and geography of global R&D and innovation activities: insights from qualitative research on leading corporate R&D investors," JRC Working Papers on Corporate R&D and Innovation 2020-03, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
    10. Rune Dahl Fitjar & Bram Timmermans, 2017. "Knowledge bases and relatedness: A study of labour mobility in Norwegian regions," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1712, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Jun 2017.
    11. Chaminade , Cristina & Plechero , Monica, 2015. "The role of geographical proximity in the international knowledge flows of European firms: an overview of different knowledge transfer mechanisms," Papers in Innovation Studies 2015/30, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
    12. Egor V. Dudukalov & Natalia D. Rodionova & Yana E. Sivakova & Elena Vyugova & Irina V. Cheryomushkina & Elena G. Popkova, 2016. "Global Innovational Networks: Sense and Role in Development of Global Economy," Contemporary Economics, University of Economics and Human Sciences in Warsaw., vol. 10(4), December.
    13. Sidonia von Proff & Matthias Duschl & Thomas Brenner, 2017. "Motives behind the mobility of university graduates – A study of three German universities," Review of Regional Research: Jahrbuch für Regionalwissenschaft, Springer;Gesellschaft für Regionalforschung (GfR), vol. 37(1), pages 39-58, February.
    14. Charlie Karlsson & Börje Johansson & Kiyoshi Kobayashi & Roger R. Stough, 2014. "Knowledge, innovation and space: introduction," Chapters, in: Charlie Karlsson & Börje Johansson & Kiyoshi Kobayashi & Roger R. Stough (ed.), Knowledge, Innovation and Space, chapter 1, pages 1-26, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    15. Bellandi, Marco & Chaminade, Cristina & Plechero, Monica, 2018. "Transformation paths and the multi-scalarity of knowledge bases under Industry 4.0 challenges," Papers in Innovation Studies 2018/14, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
    16. Valentina De Marchi & Roberto Grandinetti, 2017. "Regional Innovation Systems or Innovative Regions? Evidence from Italy," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 108(2), pages 234-249, April.
    17. Karlsson, Charlie & Johansson, Börje & Kobayashi, Kiyoshi & Stough, Roger R., 2014. "Knowledge, innovation and space," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 367, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
    18. Sidonia von Proff & Matthias Duschl & Thomas Brenner, 2014. "Motives behind the mobility of university graduates – A study of three German universities," Working Papers on Innovation and Space 2014-08, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D

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