Economic incentives and gender differences in work absence behavior
We estimate a labor supply model on a random sample of Swedish male and female blue collar workers to study the effect of economic incentives on work absence behavior. We observe work absence for each day during 1990 and 1991 for each worker in the sample. We use non-parametric (Kaplan-Meier) techniques; semi-parametric stratified models, where individual effects are removed; and fully prametric Cox regression models, where observed characteristics are used to control for heterogeneity. An exogenous change in the cost of being absent due to a reform of the sickness insurance, which took place during the time period covered by the data, is used as identifying information. The empirical analysis is focused on explaining gender differences in work absence behavior. We find that about one third of this difference in our sample can be attributed to differences in costs of being absent.
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- Palme, Mårten & Svensson, Ingemar, 1997.
"Social Security, Occupational Pensions, and Retirement in Sweden,"
SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance
184, Stockholm School of Economics.
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- Marten Palme & Ingemar Svensson, 1997. "Social Security, Occupational Pensions, and Retirement in Sweden," NBER Working Papers 6137, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Per Johansson & Mårten Palme, 2002.
"Assessing the Effect of Public Policy on Worker Absenteeism,"
Journal of Human Resources,
University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 37(2), pages 381-409.
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- Johansson, Per & Palme, Marten, 1996. "Do economic incentives affect work absence? Empirical evidence using Swedish micro data," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(2), pages 195-218, February.
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