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Social Security, Occupational Pensions, and Retirement in Sweden

  • Palme, Mårten


    (Dept. of Economic Statistics, Stockholm School of Economics)

  • Svensson, Ingemar

    (National Social Insurance Board)

This paper provides an overview of the Swedish social security system and its impact on individual retirement behavior. First, we give some historical facts, as well as a more detailed description of the current situation, of labor market behavior of older persons. Second, we describe the social security system. We also describe the different occupational pension schemes, which have an increasing importance. Finally, we show the results from a simulation, where we have used the earnings path of several representative workers to calculate the implicit tax (or subsidy) rate on additional work after age 55 generated by the social security system in interaction with occupational pensions, income taxes as well as housing allowances. We find that the observed labor market behavior of older men is in accordance with the economic incentives generated by the social security system and in particular with the occupational pension scheme for blue collar workers.

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Paper provided by Stockholm School of Economics in its series SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance with number 184.

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Length: 78 pages
Date of creation: 26 Aug 1997
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Social Security and Retirement Around the World, Gruber, Jonathan, Wise, David (eds.), 1999, chapter 9, pages 355-402, University of Chicago Press, NBER.
Handle: RePEc:hhs:hastef:0184
Contact details of provider: Postal: The Economic Research Institute, Stockholm School of Economics, P.O. Box 6501, 113 83 Stockholm, Sweden
Phone: +46-(0)8-736 90 00
Fax: +46-(0)8-31 01 57
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  1. Per-Anders Edin & Bertl Holmlund, 1993. "The Swedish Wage Stucture: The Rise and Fall of Solidarity Wage Policy?," NBER Working Papers 4257, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Thomas Aronsson & James R. Walker, 1997. "The Effects of Sweden's Welfare State on Labor Supply Incentives," NBER Chapters, in: The Welfare State in Transition: Reforming the Swedish Model, pages 203-266 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Richard B. Freeman & Lawrence F. Katz, 1995. "Differences and Changes in Wage Structures," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number free95-1, July.
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