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Migration Outflows and Optimal Migration Policy: Rules versus Discretion

Author

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  • Ismael Issifou

    (LEO - Laboratoire d'Économie d'Orleans - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - Université de Tours - UO - Université d'Orléans)

  • Francesco Magris

    (Université Francois Rabelais [Tours], LEO - Laboratoire d'Économie d'Orleans - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - Université de Tours - UO - Université d'Orléans)

Abstract

We study the effects of more open borders on return migration and show that migrants are more likely to return to the origin country when migration rules are softer, because this implies that they could more easily re-migrate if return migration is unsuccessful. As a result, softening migration rules leads to lower net in ows than generally acknowledged. We show that if government follows rules to shape the optimal migration policy, it will chose more open borders than in the case its behavior is discretionary. However, this requires an appropriate commitment technology. We show that electoral accountability may be a solution of the commitment problem. As a matter of fact, observed softer immigration rules in western countries suggest the effectiveness of such a mechanism.

Suggested Citation

  • Ismael Issifou & Francesco Magris, 2015. "Migration Outflows and Optimal Migration Policy: Rules versus Discretion," Working Papers halshs-01251421, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-01251421
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01251421
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    1. Ricardas Mileris, 2019. "Population Migration Flows in European Union: Economic Factors and Perspective Statistical Trends," Managing Global Transitions, University of Primorska, Faculty of Management Koper, vol. 17(2 (Summer), pages 163-188.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Migration Return; Optimal Migration Policy; Time Consis- tency;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination

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