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Pourquoi les immigrés portugais veulent-ils tant retourner au pays ?

  • Manon Domingues Dos Santos

    (CREST - Centre de Recherche en Économie et Statistique - INSEE - École Nationale de la Statistique et de l'Administration Économique)

  • François-Charles Wolff

    (LEMNA - Laboratoire d'économie et de management de Nantes Atlantique - Université de Nantes : EA4272)

A partir des données de l'enquête sur le Passage à la Retraite des Immigrés réalisée en 2003, cet article cherche à comprendre pourquoi les ressortissants d'origine portugaise résidant en France se singularisent par des intentions de retour au pays à la retraite deux fois supérieures à celles de leurs homologues espagnols et italiens. Les différences communautaires relatives au niveau d'éducation, à la durée de séjour, à la maîtrise de la langue française, à la localisation des membres de la famille et à l'origine de l'éventuel conjoint expliquent une part importante de l'écart observé. L'application de techniques de décomposition non-linéaire révèle que près de 70% des écarts dans les intentions de retour entre les ressortissants du Portugal et les ressortissants d'Espagne et d'Italie s'expliquent par des différences entre les caractéristiques retenues, tandis qu'un tiers de l'écart observé est lié à l'effet différencié des facteurs influençant le souhait de localisation à la retraite.

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Date of creation: 2010
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00449630
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