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Between Life Cycle Model, Labor Market Integration and Discrimination: An Econometric Analysis of the Determinants of Return Migration

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  • Schuß, Eric

Abstract

This paper studies the determinants of return migration by applying the Cox hazard model to longitudinal micro data from 1996 to 2012, including immigrants of a wide range of nationalities. The empirical results reveal the validity of the life cycle model of Migration Economics and a strong return probability decreasing effect of labor market integration and societal integration. Modeling non-proportional effects of qualification and obtaining social benefits supports the human capital thesis and supplies new insights with regard to the supranational European labor market and to development policy. At the beginning of residence highly qualified immigrants as well as immigrants obtaining social benefits display a rather high hazard ratio that, however, decreases each additional year of residence afterwards. Via survivor functions further remarkable results about adverse selection effects and about the interaction between qualification and labor market integration can be found. Finally the paper derives important policy implications from the empirical analysis.

Suggested Citation

  • Schuß, Eric, 2016. "Between Life Cycle Model, Labor Market Integration and Discrimination: An Econometric Analysis of the Determinants of Return Migration," Annual Conference 2016 (Augsburg): Demographic Change 145538, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:vfsc16:145538
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Gundel, Sebastian & Peters, Heiko, 2008. "Welche Immigranten kehren Deutschland den Rücken? Eine Paneldatenuntersuchung für Deutschland," IÖB-Diskussionspapiere 2/08, University of Münster, Institute for Economic Education.
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    3. Dustmann, Christian, 2003. "Return migration, wage differentials, and the optimal migration duration," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 47(2), pages 353-369, April.
    4. Amelie Constant & Douglas S. Massey, 2003. "Self-selection, earnings, and out-migration: A longitudinal study of immigrants to Germany," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 16(4), pages 631-653, November.
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    6. KIrdar, Murat G., 2009. "Labor market outcomes, savings accumulation, and return migration," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 418-428, August.
    7. Elke Holst & Andrea Schäfer & Mechthild Schrooten, 2008. "Bringing Home the Money: Xenophobia and Remittances: The Case of Germany," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 92, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
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    14. Deborah Cobb-Clark & Steven Stillman, 2013. "Return migration and the age profile of retirement among immigrants," IZA Journal of Migration and Development, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 2(1), pages 1-20, December.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C41 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Duration Analysis; Optimal Timing Strategies
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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